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Table 2 The association between the dietary inflammatory index and first myocardial infarction for men and womena

From: Dietary inflammatory index and risk of first myocardial infarction; a prospective population-based study

  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P trendb
Men
Cases/controls (n) 210/1056 261/1058 242/1057 344/1056  
Range DII score –4.16 – -0.25 –0.25 – 1.05 1.05 – 2.16 2.16 – 4.72  
  OR OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI  
Energy-adjustedc ref 1.22 0.98–1.51 1.12 0.88–1.42 1.57 1.21–2.02 0.018
Multivariabled ref 1.20 0.95–1.53 1.13 0.87–1.45 1.50 1.14–1.99 0.097
Women
Cases/controls (n) 75/332 90/332 72/332 95/332  
Range DII score –3.86 – 0.00 0.00 – 1.29 1.29 – 2.31 2.31 – 4.31  
  OR OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI  
Energy-adjustedc ref 1.09 0.75–1.58 0.82 0.54–1.23 1.01 0.65–1.56 0.423
Multivariabled ref 1.05 0.69–1.59 0.82 0.51–1.30 0.83 0.50–1.36 0.088
  1. Q quartile of DII, DII Dietary inflammatory index, ref reference
  2. aConditional logistic regression models presented with odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI)
  3. b P for trend when DII used as a continuous variable
  4. cAdjusted for total energy intake in kcal/day
  5. dAdjusted for total energy intake, body mass index, physical activity, systolic blood pressure, total serum cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and postsecondary academic education