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Table 1 Characteristics of eleven included European nation-wide surveys

From: A review of total & added sugar intakes and dietary sources in Europe

Country Year of survey Adults Children-adolescents Dietary data collection method
Sugar type Age range Sample size Sugar type Age range Sample size
Female Male Female Male
Belgium [23] 2004 Total 19 to 59 641 675 Total 15 to 18 608 780 24 h recall + FFQ
Denmark [24] 2011–2013 Added 18 to 75 1552 1464 Added 10 to 17 258 251 7-day record
France (re-analyzed from [25]) 2007 Total & added 18 to79 994 902 Total & added 3 to 17 700 745 7-day record
Hungary [26] 2009 Added 18 to 100 1717 Not available 3-day record
Ireland [27, 28] 1997–1999 Total & added 18 to 64 1379 Total & added 13 to 17 441 7-day record
Italy [22, 29] 2005–2006 Total 18 to 65 1245 1068 Total 10 to 18 139 108 3-day record
Norway [31] 2010–2011 Added 18 to 70 925 862 Not available 2 24-h recalls
The Netherlands (re-analyzed from [30]) 2007–2010 Total & added 19 to 69 1050 1054 Total & added 7 to 18 857 856 2 24-h recalls
Spain [32, 33] 2013 Total 18 to 64 857 798 Total 13 to 17 74 137 3-day record
United Kingdom [34] 2008–2012 Total & NMES 19 to 65 1571 1126 Total & NMES 4 to 18 1365 1409 4-day record