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Table 1 Characteristics of subjects

From: Effects of coenzyme Q10 supplementation on antioxidant capacity and inflammation in hepatocellular carcinoma patients after surgery: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

  Placebo (n = 19) Q10-300 (n = 20)
 males (n, %) 12 (63.2 %) 15 (75.0 %)
 age (y) 61.5 ± 11.0 (62.0)a 59.7 ± 8.3 (58.5)
 SBP (mmHg) 133.8 ± 18.0 (134.0) 124.8 ± 19.3 (119.5)
 DBP (mmHg) 77.9 ± 11.2 (78.0) 76.9 ± 12.3 (76.0)
 waist circumference (cm) 89.1 ± 7.8 (88.0) 86.7 ± 10.2 (88.5)
 waist hip ratio 0.92 ± 0.05 (0.91) 0.94 ± 0.16 (0.94)
 BMI (kg/m2) 24.7 ± 3.2 (24.5) 23.1 ± 2.6 (22.8)
 current smokerb, n (%) 6 (31.6 %) 5 (25.0 %)
 drinks alcoholc, n (%) 3 (15.8 %) 3 (15.0 %)
 Exercised, n (%) 9 (47.4 %) 8 (40.0 %)
 Hepatitis B, n (%) 14 (73.7 %) 12 (60.0 %)
 Hepatitis C, n (%) 4 (21.1 %) 7 (35.0 %)
 Cirrhosis, n (%) 6 (31.6 %) 5 (25.0 %)
 Recurrence, n (%) 3 (15.8 %) 4 (20.0 %)
Hematology
 BUN (mg/dL) 15.5 ± 4.9 (15.0) 17.1 ± 9.2 (15.5)
 creatinine (mg/dL) 0.8 ± 0.3 (0.8) 0.9 ± 0.3 (0.9)
 GOT (IU/L) 35.2 ± 24.8 (27.0) 40.4 ± 23.0 (31.5)
 GPT (IU/L) 44.8 ± 36.6 (38.0) 55.5 ± 39.8 (45.5)
 TC (mg/dL) 162.7 ± 36.4 (148.0) 162.1 ± 32.7 (156.0)
 TG (mg/dL) 95.3 ± 42.3 (87.0) 93.4 ± 29.9 (92.5)
 LDL-C (mg/dL) 100.4 ± 32.3 (90.0) 102.3 ± 32.8 (100.0)
 HDL-C (mg/dL) 50.6 ± 11.6 (50.0) 49.2 ± 12.4 (47.5)
 TC / HDL-C 3.3 ± 1.0 (2.9) 3.5 ± 1.0 (3.5)
Dietary intake
 Energy (kcal/d) 1608.5 ± 334.5 (1531.2) 1686.5 ± 460.8 (1655.8)
 Protein (g/d) 65.9 ± 17.9 (68.0) 66.2 ± 21.2 (66.8)
 % of total calories 16.6 % 15.7 %
 Fat (g/d) 49.5 ± 23.9 (48.2) 50.6 ± 16.1 (51.7)
 % of total calories 26.6 % 26.8 %
 carbohydrate (g/d) 228.6 ± 40.8 (227.0) 251.1 ± 89.6 (238.6)
 % of total calories 57.2 % 57.9 %
 PUFA (g/d) 15.6 ± 11.8 (13.0) 13.8 ± 8.6 (11.1)
 MUFA (g/d) 15.1 ± 9.5 (11.9) 15.3 ± 6.6 (15.6)
 SFA (g/d) 12.8 ± 8.0 (10.3) 14.2 ± 5.7 (14.3)
 vitamin A (μg R.E./d) 3216.8 ± 4244.7 (1188.1) 3204.2 ± 3705.5 (1110.4)
 vitamin E (mg α-T.E./d) 421.6 ± 727.1 (21.5) 615.0 ± 989.3 (10.8)
 cholesterol (mg/d) 250.0 ± 163.8 (238.2) 231.8 ± 117.6 (197.8)
 dietary fiber (g/d) 13.0 ± 6.5 (11.9) 10.9 ± 6.1 (9.7)
  1. BMI body mass index, BUN blood urea nitrogen, GOT glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, HCC hepatocellular carcinoma, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty fat, SFA saturated fatty acid, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride
  2. ameans ± SD (medians)
  3. bcurrent smoker: individuals currently smoking one or more cigarettes per day
  4. cdrinks alcohol: individuals drinking one or 1 more alcoholic drinks per day regularly
  5. dexercise: individuals who exercise regularly at least 3 times every week