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Table 3 Incidence of complications among subgroups

From: Impact of nutritional support that does and does not meet guideline standards on clinical outcome in surgical patients at nutritional risk: a prospective cohort study

  Calories or nutritional support not meeting guideline standards
(n = 320)
Calories or nutritional support meeting guideline standards
(n = 205)
P value
  Nutritional support < 7 days
(n = 163)
Calories < 10 kcal
(n = 157)
PN + EN ≥ 7 days
(n = 135)
PN ≥7 days
(n = 70)
Infectious complications 43 (26.3 %) a 43 (27.4 %) a 17 (12.6 %) b 18 (25.7 %) a 0.010
Non-infectious complications 3 (1.8 %) a 5 (3.2 %) a 3 (2.2 %) a 6 (8.6 %) b 0.050
Total complications 46 (28.2 %) a 44 (28.0 %) a 17 (12.6 %) b 19 (27.1 %) a 0.005
Death 2 (1.2 %) a 4 (2.5 %) a 0 (0.0 %) a 2 (2.8 %) a 0.025
  1. Chi-square tests or Fisher’s exact test were used
  2. adenotes a subset of cohort categories whose column proportions did not differ significantly from each other, P ≥ 0.05
  3. bdenotes a subset of cohort categories whose column proportions differed significantly from each other, P < 0.05