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Table 2 Differences in complications between cohorts receiving and not receiving nutritional support meeting guideline standard

From: Impact of nutritional support that does and does not meet guideline standards on clinical outcome in surgical patients at nutritional risk: a prospective cohort study

  Calories or nutritional support not meeting guideline standards (n = 320) Calories or nutritional support meeting guideline standards (n = 205) P value
(1) Infectious complications 86 (26.9 %) 35 (17.1 %) 0.009
Pneumonia 52 (16.3 %) 18 (8.8 %) 0.014
Urinary tract infection 4 (1.3 %) 0 (0.0 %) 0.160
Sepsis 25 (7.8 %) 10 (4.9 %) 0.187
Septic shock 0 (0.0 %) 2 (1.0 %) 0.152
Catheter-related infection 1 (0.3 %) 0 (0.0 %) 1.000
Intra-abdominal abscess 6 (1.9 %) 10 (4.9 %) 0.051
Infection of incisional wound 11 (3.4 %) 1 (0.5 %) 0.034
Two or more infections 12 (3.8 %) 7 (3.4 %) 1.0
(2) Non-infectious complications 8 (2.5 %) 9 (4.4 %) 0.312
Organ dysfunction 2 (0.4 %) 1 (0.5 %) 1.000
Multiple organ failure 5 (1.6 %) 1 (0.5 %) 0.412
Pulmonary embolism 1 (0.3 %) 0 (0.0 %) 1.000
Bleeding due to duodenal ulcer 3 (0.9%) 0 (0.0 %) 0.285
Postoperative abdominal bleeding 1 (0.3 %) 1 (0.5 %) 1.000
Severe electrolyte imbalance 1 (0.3 %) 1 (0.5 %) 1.000
Anastomotic bleeding 1 (0.3 %) 0 (0.0 %) 1.000
Anastomotic leak 0 (0.0 %) 2 (1.0 %) 0.152
Pleural effusion/pneumothorax 0 (0.0 %) 1 (0.5 %) 0.390
Wound dehiscence/healing delay 0 (0.0 %) 1 (0.5 %) 0.390
Gastrointestinal obstruction/perforation 0 (0.0 %) 1 (0.5 %) 0.390
Deep vein thrombosis 1 (0.3 %) 1 (0.5 %) 1.000
Two or more non-infectious complications 5 (1.6 %) 1 (0.5 %) 0.412
Co-infectious complications 4 (1.3 %) 8 (3.9 %) 0.069
(3) Total complications 90 (28.1 %) 36 (17.6 %) 0.006
(4) Deaths 6 (1.9 %) 2 (1.0 %) 0.492
  1. Chi-square tests or Fisher’s exact test were used