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Table 2 Mean daily intakes of selected nutrients at baseline and during the 4-week intervention

From: A dietary cholesterol challenge study to assess Chlorella supplementation in maintaining healthy lipid levels in adults: a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled study

Nutrients Placebo group (n = 17) Chlorella group (n = 17) P-valuea
Week 0 Week 4 Week 0 Week 4 Group Time Group x time
Energy, kcal/d 1558 ± 124 1505 ± 92 1511 ± 111 1485 ± 81 0.800 0.642 0.860
Carbohydrate, g/d 204.0 ± 16.6 185.6 ± 13.7 214.7 ± 15.3 186.0 ± 11.7 0.734 0.033 0.680
Protein, g/d 63.0 ± 5.5 65.3 ± 3.2 56.2 ± 7.3 64.9 ± 3.8 0.400 0.065 0.394
Fat, g/d 52.7 ± 5.1 55.3 ± 3.3 46.2 ± 3.5 50.5 ± 2.5 0.189 0.338 0.815
SFA, g/d 8.2 ± 1.1 9.5 ± 1.1 7.4 ± 1.2 9.6 ± 0.8 0.723 0.071 0.643
PUFA, g/d 5.8 ± 0.7 6.5 ± 0.8 6.4 ± 0.9 6.4 ± 0.5 0.664 0.194 0.810
Cholesterol, mg/d 323.5 ± 54.5 725.9 ± 17.5 219.1 ± 32.2 754.1 ± 25.7 0.312 < 0.001 0.220
Dietary fibers, g/d 12.7 ± 1.3 12.6 ± 1.1 11.3 ± 1.1 11.9 ± 0.6 0.665 0.316 0.568
β-carotene, mg/d 2.2 ± 0.4 1.7 ± 0.3 1.9 ± 0.4 2.6 ± 0.2 0.266 0.302 0.010
  1. Values are the means ± SEMs. Intakes were estimated from 3-day dietary records using CAN-pro (Korean Nutrition Society, Seoul, Korea). Egg, Chlorella and placebo intakes were included in the analysis. SFA saturated fatty acids, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids
  2. aMixed-effects ANOVA model, with group and time as fixed effects factors and subject as random effect factor