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Table 2 BMI (kg/m2) in Canadians by age group, sex and breakfast statusc

From: Association of breakfast consumption with body mass index and prevalence of overweight/obesity in a nationally-representative survey of Canadian adults

   All (n = 12,241)    Male (n = 5204)    Female (n = 7037)   
   Breakfast group Breakfast group Breakfast group
Age n None RTEC Other None RTEC Other None RTEC Other
   Weighted mean ± standard error
18–30 y 2947 26.0 ± 0.5 24.7 ± 0.4 25.1 ± 0.2 25.7 ± 0.5 25.1 ± 0.4 25.5 ± 0.3 26.4 ± 0.8 24.2 ± 0.6 24.8 ± 0.3
31–50 y 3129 27.0 ± 0.4 27.2 ± 0.4 27.2 ± 0.2 27.6 ± 0.7 27.7 ± 0.5 27.3 ± 0.2 26.4 ± 0.5 26.7 ± 0.6 27.1 ± 0.4
51–70 y 3618 28.1 ± 0.6a,b 27.4 ± 0.3a 28.4 ± 0.2b 29.9 ± 0.7a 27.6 ± 0.4b 28.4 ± 0.3a,b 26.0 ± 0.7a 27.3 ± 0.5a,b 28.2 ± 0.3b
≥71 y 2547 27.4 ± 0.7a,b 26.5 ± 0.2a 27.5 ± 0.2b 26.0 ± 0.8a,b 26.6 ± 0.3a 27.5 ± 0.3b 27.8 ± 0.8a,b 26.5 ± 0.3a 27.5 ± 0.3b
All ≥ 18 y 12,241 27.1 ± 0.3a,b 26.5 ± 0.2a 27.1 ± 0.1b 27.5 ± 0.4 26.8 ± 0.3 27.2 ± 0.2 26.7 ± 0.4a,b 26.1 ± 0.3a 27.0 ± 0.3b
  1. a,bMeans within an age group and sex category (all, male, female) that do not share a common superscript letter differ significantly, p < 0.05 (Bonferroni-adjusted p < 0.0167)
  2. cValues are weighted mean ± SE (data from CCHS 2.2). Adjusted for age, sex, race, supplement use, food security, language spoken at home, physical activity category, smoking, education level and marital status. None = no food or beverages reported as breakfast; RTEC Breakfast = breakfast that included ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC); Other Breakfast = any other type of breakfast