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Table 3 Changes in Diet Quality (HEI-2005) and Subcomponent Scores Associated with tree nut/dried fruit consumption in adults (19+ years)

From: Pairing nuts and dried fruit for cardiometabolic health

  Diet Quality (HEI-2005) and Subcomponent Scores Associated with Tree nut or Dried Fruit Consumption in Adults (19+)a Calculated Difference from Non-Consumer in each food categoryb
  Tree Nut Consumer Tree Nut Non-Consumer Dried Fruit Consumer Dried Fruit Non-Consumer Tree Nut Dried fruit
HEI Component Score LS Mean (SE) LS Mean (SE)   
Total Score (100) 61.2 (0.70)* 52.4 (0.30) 59.3 (0.50)* 49.4 (0.20) 8.8 9.9
Total Fruit (5) 2.5 (0.10)* 2.1 (0.03) 3.3 (0.08)* 2.0 (0.05) 0.4 1.3
Whole Fruit (5) 2.4 (0.09)* 2.0 (0.03) 3.4 (0.07)* 1.8 (0.04) 0.4 1.7
Total Vegetable (5) 3.1 (0.09) 3.0 (0.03) 3.0 (0.06) 3.0 (0.03)   
Dark Green & Orange Vegetable (5) 1.7 (0.11)* 1.2 (0.03) 1.5 (0.09)* 1.2 (0.03) 0.4 0.3
Total Grain (5) 3.7 (0.06)* 4.2 (0.02) 4.3 (0.05)* 4.2 (0.02) ‐0.5 0.2
Whole Grain (5) 1.4 (0.11)* 1.1 (0.02) 1.8 (0.06)* 0.9 (0.02) 0.3 0.9
Milk (10) 5.1 (0.13) 5.2 (0.05) 5.4 (0.16)* 4.7 (0.06)   0.6
Meat & Beans (5) 9.2 (0.08)* 8.0 (0.04) 8.0 (0.13) 8.2 (0.04) 1.2  
Oils (10) 8.7 (0.08)* 6.3 (0.05) 5.7 (0.15) 5.3 (0.05) 2.4  
Saturated Fat 6.2 (0.18) 5.8 (0.06) 6.8 (0.14)* 5.9 (0.06)   1.0
Sodium (10) 4.4 (0.15)* 3.3 (0.04) 4.9 (0.14)* 4.2 (0.05) 1.1 0.7
SoFAAS Calories (20) 12.8 (0.32)* 10.2 (0.11) 11.1 (0.24)* 8.2 (0.14) 2.7 3.0
  1. aSample weighted regression analyses with the following covariates: gender, age, race/ethnicity, and energy. Dried fruit data from NHANES 1999-2004. Tree nut data from NHANES 2005-2010. Data adapted from 21, 24)
  2. bShading indicates potential complementary contribution of tree nuts and dried fruit LS Mean: Least square mean; SE: Standard error; SoFAAS: Solid fat, alcohol, and added sugars
  3. *Difference between non-consumer and consumer in each food category (tree nut or dried fruit) p < 0.01