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Table 3 Associations between Non-diet Soft Drink Intake and Chronic Bronchitis in Adults Aged 20–55 y, NHANES 2003–2006

From: Intake of high fructose corn syrup sweetened soft drinks is associated with prevalent chronic bronchitis in U.S. Adults, ages 20–55 y

  Multivariable Logistic Regression
  Model 1   
  ratio 95 % CI p-value
OR – adjusted for sex, race/ ethnicity, age, BMI, smoking, exposure to in-home smoking, prediabetes, diabetes
aNon-diet soft drinks
≤1– 3 times/month Reference   
1–4 times/week 1.06 0.51 – 2.21 0.875
≥5 times/week 1.89 1.03 – 3.45 0.039
  Subpop n = 2801, F (14, 17) = 6.75;
  Prob  > F = 0.0002  
  1. aIn 2003 – 2006 [the NHANES study period], high fructose corn syrup was the main sweetener in US non-diet soft drinks [23]