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Table 3 Independent predictors for nosocomial infection

From: Influence of supplemental parenteral nutrition approach on nosocomial infection in pediatric intensive care unit of Emergency Department: a retrospective study

Characteristics   Univariate Binary logistic regression
  Non-nosocomial infection (n = 158) Nosocomial infection (n = 46) Statistic value P value OR 95 % CI P value
Nutrition route, n (%)    22.80a <0.05    
 EN only group 90 (57.0) 11 (23.9)    0.090
 SPN group: Subgroup1 42 (26.5) 13 (28.3) 3.40 1.13 ~ 10.19 0.029
  Subgroup2 26 (16.5) 22 (47.8) 1.87 0.56 ~ 6.22 0.281
Total caloric intake (%), median (IQR) 65.0 (48.6–84.0) 63.5 (50.9–82.8) 0.02*b 0.98    
Caloric intake (kcal/day), median (IQR) 285.3 (170.5–400.6) 302.8 (222.2–509.3) 1.77*b 0.08    
Gender, n (%)    1.78a 0.18    
 Male 100 (63.3) 34 (73.9)    
 Female 58 (36.7) 12 (26.1)    
Age (month), median (IQR) 8.5 (3.0–30.0) 10.0 (4.0–54.0) 1.39*b 0.17    
Age groups, n (%)    2.45d 0.48    
 Infants 89 (56.30) 24 (52.20)    0.495
 Toddlers 35 (22.20) 9 (19.60) 0.87 0.27 ~ 2.76 0.809
 Preschoolers 14 (8.90) 3 (6.50) 0.61 0.09 ~ 4.19 0.602
 Childhood and young teens 20 (12.70) 10 (21.70) 2.33 0.64 ~ 8.47 0.198
Weight (kg), median (IQR) 8.0 (5.0–12.6) 9.0 (6.0–17.5) 1.61*b 0.11    
Serum albumin at admission (g/L), median ± SD 38.19 ± 6.05 33.85 ± 6.16 4.26b <0.001 0.91 0.84 ~ 0.97 0.008
Severity of disease, n (%)    27.27a <0.05 3.79 1.03 ~ 13.99 0.045
 Class 1 82 (51.90) 4 (8.70)
 Class 2 76 (48.10) 42 (91.30)
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 20 (12.70) 20 (43.50) 21.47a <0.05 3.85 1.43 ~ 10.39 0.008
Invasive diagnosis operation, n (%) 30 (19.00) 23 (50.00) 17.82a <0.05 1.49 0.55 ~ 4.07 0.436
PICU length of stay (day), median (IQR) 5.0 (3.0–8.0) 12.5 (8.0–15.3) 1172.5c <0.001 1.23 1.11 ~ 1.35 <0.001
  1. Note: Variables with * were conducted for logarithmic transformation. Statistic values with a, b, c, d were Pearson’s chi-square value, Students’ t value and Mann–Whitney U value and Fisher exact test respectively. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval