Skip to main content

Table 1 Blood pressure and anthropometrics before and after the 8-wk intervention periods

From: Dark chocolate and reduced snack consumption in mildly hypertensive adults: an intervention study

   Dark chocolate period Control period  
   baselinea 8 wk baseline 8 wk p b
clinical SBPc (mmHg) 142 (11.5) 142 (14.2) 142 (11.7) 141 (9.9) ns.
clinical DBPd (mmHg) 89 (8.4) 88 (9.4) 89 (9.0) 88 (10.1) ns.
24 h SBP (24 h)e (mmHg) 137 (11.4) 138 (9.9) 140 (9.8) 142 (10.5) ns.
24 h DBP (24 h) (mmHg) 82 (10.2) 82 (9.2) 84 (9.4) 84 (9.6) ns.
day SBP (24 h) (mmHg) 142 (11.2) 143 (9.2) 144 (7.8) 146 (10.6) ns.
day DBP(24 h) (mmHg) 86 (10.2) 86 (8.8) 87 (9.0) 88 (10.1) ns.
night SBP(24 h) (mmHg) 120 (11.4) 120 (13.3) 121 (10.1) 125 (11.8) ns.
night DBP(24 h) (mmHg) 69 (10.1) 67 (10.4) 68 (10.6) 70 (8.4) ns.
night SBP dipf (%) 15.1 (3.7) 16.4 (5.7) 15.8 (3.9) 14.3 (5.8) ns.
night DBP dip (%) 20.4 (5.1) 21.6 (6.2) 21.9 (6.9) 20.5 (6.5) ns.
CAVIg (right)   7.68 (0.88) 7.76 (0.89) 7.92 (0.98) 7.87 (0.90) ns.
CAVI (left)   7.63 (0.88) 7.60 (0.88) 7.74 (0.94) 7.77 (0.90) ns.
weight (kg) 85.5 (16.4) 85.4 (16.0) 85.7 (16.5) 84.7 (16.4) 0.027
fat mass (kg) 24.4 (10.3) 23.7 (10.2) 24.3 (9.9) 23.5 (9.8) ns.
body fat (%) 28.0 (9.0) 27.2 (9.2) 27.8 (8.6) 27.3 (9.1) ns.
visceral fat (mm2) 125 (34) 123 (35) 126 (34) 121 (33) ns.
  1. aData are given as mean ± SD; btest the change difference between two periods; csystolic blood pressure; ddiastolic blood pressure; e24 h ambulatory blood pressure; fproportional dip from day time (awake) average BP to night time (sleeping) average BP; gcardio-ankle vascular index