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Table 3 Percentage of individuals with nutrient intakes below the EAR at current food intakes and diets modeled at recommended dairy servings

From: Consuming the daily recommended amounts of dairy products would reduce the prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intakes in the United States: diet modeling study based on NHANES 2007–2010

  Vitamin A Vitamin D Calcium Magnesium
  All Below Recommended Dairy Modeled at Recommended Dairy All Below Recommended Dairy Modeled at Recommended Dairy All Below Recommended Dairy Modeled at Recommended Dairy All Below Recommended Dairy Modeled at Recommended Dairy
  % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE % ± SE
Males
2–3 years 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 91.8 ± 1.9 100.0 ± 0.0 91.7 ± 1.9a 0.4 ± 0.4 3.0 ± 3.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.3 ± 0.3 2.5 ± 2.5 0.0 ± 0.0
4–8 years 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 97.9 ± 0.4 99.4 ± 0.3 97.8 ± 0.4a 6.1 ± 1.0 10.5 ± 1.7 0.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0
9–18 years 25.8 ± 1.4 32.6 ± 1.5 13.0 ± 1.3a 96.8 ± 0.8 99.8 ± 0.1 96.0 ± 0.7a 40.8 ± 2.5 52.1 ± 2.6 1.0 ± 0.3a 47.6 ± 1.6 49.9 ± 2.1 43.0 ± 1.7
19–50 years 48.0 ± 1.2 49.8 ± 1.2 15.1 ± 0.9a 99.0 ± 0.3 99.5 ± 0.3 96.8 ± 0.5a 6.9 ± 0.6 7.2 ± 0.7 0.0 ± 0.0a 51.7 ± 1.6 53.2 ± 1.5 34.2 ± 1.5a
51–70 years 34.7 ± 1.6 35.4 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 0.6a 98.0 ± 0.4 98.6 ± 0.4 96.1 ± 0.5a 12.4 ± 1.1 12.6 ± 1.1 0.0 ± 0.0a 59.6 ± 1.5 60.7 ± 1.5 40.5 ± 1.9a
71+ years 23.4 ± 1.5 23.6 ± 1.5 1.7 ± 0.5a 98.7 ± 0.4 99.1 ± 0.3 96.1 ± 0.6a 72.0 ± 1.7 72.7 ± 1.7 0.0 ± 0.0a 88.5 ± 1.4 88.9 ± 1.4 75.0 ± 2.2a
Females             
2–3 years 0.1 ± 0.1 0.6 ± 0.6 0.0 ± 0.0 95.8 ± 1.0 100.0 ± 0.0 95.8 ± 1.0a 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0
4–8 years 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 99.9 ± 0.0 100.0 ± 0.0 99.9 ± 0.1 17.7 ± 1.8 22.9 ± 2.1 0.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0
9–18 years 29.3 ± 2.0 29.6 ± 2.0 1.7 ± 0.4a 99.9 ± 0.1 99.9 ± 0.1 99.8 ± 0.1 85.3 ± 1.2 86.0 ± 1.3 2.0 ± 0.5a 63.8 ± 1.6 64.4 ± 1.7 51.4 ± 1.8a
19–50 years 40.3 ± 1.5 40.5 ± 1.5 2.0 ± 0.3a 99.9 ± 0.1 99.9 ± 0.0 99.5 ± 0.2 34.5 ± 1.3 34.5 ± 1.3 0.0 ± 0.0a 55.8 ± 1.9 56.0 ± 1.9 28.8 ± 1.5a
51–70 years 17.8 ± 1.7 17.8 ± 1.7 0.4 ± 0.1a 99.8 ± 0.1 99.8 ± 0.1 98.4 ± 0.4a 81.7 ± 1.8 81.7 ± 1.8 0.0 ± 0.0a 44.7 ± 1.9 44.7 ± 1.9 17.3 ± 1.0a
71+ years 15.3 ± 1.0 15.3 ± 1.0 0.1 ± 0.1a 99.9 ± 0.1 99.9 ± 0.1 98.6 ± 0.4a 91.1 ± 0.6 91.1 ± 0.6 0.0 ± 0.0a 75.8 ± 1.8 75.8 ± 1.8 44.8 ± 1.6a
  1. a95 % Confidence intervals of values from those below recommended and modeled intake do not overlap