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Table 2 The association of consuming tree nuts with physiologic measures in adults participating in the 2005–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

From: Tree Nut consumption is associated with better adiposity measures and cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome health risk factors in U.S. Adults: NHANES 2005–2010

Variable Number Tree Nut Consumers LS Mean ± SE Non-Tree Nut Consumers LS Mean ± SE p
LDL-C (mg/dL)a 6480 115.5 ± 2.4 115.8 ± 0.6 0.902
HDL-C (mg/dL)a 13,666 54.4 ± 0.6* 52.9 ± 0.3* 0.022
Triglycerides (mg/dL)b 6621 127.4 ± 6.5 134.1 ± 1.9 0.344
Glucose (mg/dL)c 6662 102.1 ± 1.2 104.3 ± 0.4 0.061
Insulin (uU/mL) 6581 11.3 ± 0.5 12.1 ± 0.2 0.125
HOMA-IR 6568 3.0 ± 0.1* 3.3 ± 0.1* 0.043
CRP (mg/dL)d 13,709 0.4 ± 0.04 0.4 ± 0.01 0.276
  1. Abbreviations: BMI = body mass index, WC = waist circumference, BP = blood pressure, LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HOMA-IR = Homeostatic Model of Assessment - Insulin Resistance, CRP = C-reactive protein
  2. Covariates: Gender, Ethnicity, Age, Poverty Index Ratio, Physical Activity Level (sedentary, moderate, active), Current Smoker Status, Alcohol, and BMI
  3. aTo convert mg/dL to mmol/L divide by 38.67
  4. bTo convert mg/dL to mmol/L divide by 38.67
  5. cTo convert mg/dL to mmol/L multiply by 0.055
  6. dTo convert mg/dL to mmol/L multiply by 9.524
  7. *Significantly Different
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