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Table 3 Dietary data for the two study groups

From: Intake of partially defatted Brazil nut flour reduces serum cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic patients- a randomized controlled trial

Dietary component (intake/day) Brazil nut (n = 35) Δ T90 – T0 Placebo (n = 42) Δ T90 – T0 P value intragroupa P value intragroupb P value intergroupc
Energy intake (kcal) - 232.3 ± 153.7 - 390.1 ± 534.0 0.030* <0.001* NS
Lipids (%) 0.2 ± 5.4 - 0.6 ± 7.4 NS NS NS
Saturated FA (%) - 0.4 ± 2.4 - 0.7 ± 3.3 NS NS NS
Monounsaturated FA (%) 0.3 ± 3.0 −0.6 ± 4.1 NS NS NS
Polyunsaturated FA (%) 0.2 ± 1.6 0.2 ± 1.3 NS NS NS
n-3 polyunsaturated FA (g) - 0.1 ± 0.3 −0.1 ± 0.4 NS NS NS
Carbohydrates (%) −2.4 ± 11.1 2.5 ± 12.3 NS NS NS
Proteins (%) 1.8 ± 9.2 1.0 ± 10.0 NS NS NS
Selenium (μg) 231.1 ± 35.3 −8.2 ± 44.0 <0.001* NS <0.001*
  1. Mean ± SD. FA, fatty acids; NS, non-significant
  2. * Significant differences were assumed at P < 0.05
  3. a Statistical differences in Brazil nut group compared to baseline
  4. b Statistical difference in placebo group compared to baseline
  5. c Statistical differences between groups compared at T90