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Table 2 Participant characteristics at baseline and at 4 and 8 weeks after study commencement

From: Tomato juice intake increases resting energy expenditure and improves hypertriglyceridemia in middle-aged women: an open-label, single-arm study

  Baseline 4 weeks 8 weeks P-value
Menopausal symptom score     
  MSS score 9.9 (5.2) 8.5 (5.0)** 8.3 (5.0)*** <0.0001a
  HADS-anxiety subscale score 5.3 (2.7) 4.8 (2.4)# 4.9 (2.9)# 0.04b
  HADS-depression subscale score 4.7 (3.2) 4.6 (3.4) 4.4 (3.3) 0.32b
  Athens Insomnia Scale score 3.7 (2.3) 3.4 (2.4) 3.8 (2.8) 0.16b
Body composition     
  Height, cm 157.5 (4.9) 157.5 (4.9) 157.5 (4.9) 0.50b
  Weight, kg 55.0 (8.5) 54.9 (8.6) 55.0 (8.6) 0.13a
  Body mass index, kg/m2 22.2 (3.2) 22.1 (3.2) 22.2 (3.2) 0.34a
  Fat mass, kg 15.7 (6.1) 15.8 (6.2) 15.7 (6.2) 0.58b
  Muscle mass, kg 37.0 (3.1) 36.9 (3.0) 37.1 (3.0) 0.046a
Blood pressure and heart rate     
  Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 116.9 (14.1) 117.8 (14.3) 117.0 (13.8) 0.87b
  Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 75.4 (10.4) 75.2 (9.7) 74.5 (9.3) 0.23b
  Heart rate, min−1 62.6 (9.4) 64.4 (8.6)## 63.8 (8.2)## 0.03b
Resting Energy Expenditure 1980 (368) 2108 (440)** 2149 (470)** 0.003a
Blood examination
  Triglycerides, mg/dL 115.9 (84.0) 116.3 (70.2) 107.4 (75.3) 0.25b
  Total cholesterol, mg/dL 213.1 (33.4) 213.9 (36.1) 212.2 (36.8) 0.76a
  LDL cholesterol, mg/dL 120.3 (28.8) 121.1 (31.2) 120.2 (32.2) 0.87a
  HDL cholesterol, mg/dL 73.2 (16.3) 75.3 (14.9) 74.6 (15.0) 0.31a
  Glucose, mg/dL 98.9 (16.6) 98.8 (11.6) 99.2 (19.0) 0.51b
  HbA1c, % 5.3 (0.4) 5.3 (0.4) 5.4 (0.4) 0.36b
  1. Data are shown as means (standard deviations).
  2. aOne-way repeated measures analysis of variance.
  3. bFriedman test.
  4. **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001 versus baseline, Paired t-test.
  5. #P < 0.05, ##P < 0.01 versus baseline, Wilcoxon signed-rank test.