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Table 2 Effects of Ramadan fasting on body mass index

From: The impact of religious fasting on human health

Reference Subjects Effect
El Ati [24] 16 W
Ibrahim [14] 9 M & 5 W
Kassab [51] 44 W
Maislos [29] 16 M & 8 W
Maughan [28] 59 M
Rakicioğlu [27] 21 W
Yucel [54] 21 M & 17 W
Al-Hourani [53] 57 W
Bouhlel [33] 9 M
Fakhrzadeh [41] 50 M & 41 W 1
Khaled [26] 276 W
Salehi [55] 28 M
Ziaee [31] 41 M & 39 W
  1. 1 Body mass index decreased in men (p < 0.05) but did not change in women (p > 0.05).
  2. M = men; W = women