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Table 2 Changes of anthropometric measurements prior to, at two and six months of treatment

From: Zinc and vitamin A supplementation fails to reduce sputum conversion time in severely malnourished pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Indonesia

Variables Groups
  Zinc Vitamin A Zinc+ Vit A Placebo
BMI (kg/m2), mean ± SD     
   0 month 16.5 ± 2.2 16.5 ± 2.2 16.6 ± 2.1 16.4 ± 2.5
   2 month 17.7 ± 2.3‡ 17.8 ± 2.2‡ 17.7 ± 2.0‡ 17.5 ± 2.4‡
   6 month 18.5 ± 2.22‡ 18.1 ± 2.42‡ 18.3 ± 2.02‡ 18.4 ± 2.62‡
Increasing BMI from the baseline     
(kg/m2), mean ± SD     
   0 to 6 month 1.9 ± 1.3 1.7 ± 1.6 1.9 ± 1.5 2.0 ± 1.4
MUAC (cm), median (IQR)     
   0 month 21.1 (19.8-23.1) 21 (20-23) 21.3(20-23.6) 21.8(19-23.6)
   2 month 23 (21-25)‡ 22 (20.1-24.7)‡ 23 (21-24)‡ 23 (20.8-24.5)‡
   6 month 24 (22.5-25.1)‡ 23.0 (21.8-25.0)‡ 24.0 (22.0-25.3)‡ 24 (22.5-26)‡
Body fat (%),mean ± SD     
   0 month 11 ± 4.5 11 ± 6.2 10.8 ± 4.7 11.9 ± 5.9
   2 month 12.9 ± 5.0‡ 13.3 ± 5.9‡ 12.9 ± 5.1‡ 14.2 ± 6.1‡
   6 month 14.5 ± 5.82‡ 14.2 ± 6.42‡ 14.2 ± 6.42‡ 16.0 ± 6.32‡
  1. SD = standard deviation, IQR = interquartile range, significant changes from baseline, paired student-T ‡p < 0.001