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Table 4 Treatment effect in anthropometry measurements of children

From: Efficacy of different strategies to treat anemia in children: a randomized clinical trial

Measurement IS IFS MMS FW FCF P
N 40 41 36 48 51  
Height,
cm
      
Baseline 78.76 (76.26, 81.27) 79.84 (77.25, 82.44) 82.93 (80.34, 85.52) 80.49 (78.07, 82.91) 80.69 (78.58, 82.79) 0.260
Final 82.31 (80.02, 84.60) 83.63 (81.21, 86.06) 86.44 (84.04, 88.85) 83.97 (81.63, 86.30) 84.37 (82.39, 86.35) 0.219
Change 3.55 (3.06, 4.04)† 3.79 (3.33, 4.25)† 3.51 (3.05, 3.98)† 3.48 (3.11, 3.85)† 3.69 (3.30, 4.07)† 0.822
Adjusted change * 3.55 (3.21, 3.90) 3.67 (3.31, 4.03) 3.68 (3.30, 4.06) 3.71 (3.39, 4.04) 3.70 (3.38, 4.02) 0.971
Weight,
Kg
      
Baseline 10.50 (9.81, 11.18) 10.65 (9.97, 11.33) 11.44 (10.75, 12.13) 10.88 (10.24, 11.53) 11.04 (10.49, 11.58) 0.356
Final 11.19 (10.56, 11.81) 11.47 (10.75, 12.20) 12.22 (11.52, 12.92) 11.55 (10.87, 12.23) 11.68 (11.12, 12.25) 0.351
Change 0.69 (0.49, 0.90)† 0.82 (0.63, 1.02)† 0.78 (0.60, 0.96)† 0.67 (0.50, 0.83)† 0.65 (0.47, 0.82)† 0.603
Adjusted change * 0.73 (0.55, 0.90) 0.80 (0.62, 0.98) 0.81 (0.62, 1.00) 0.76 (0.60, 0.93) 0.68 (0.51, 0.84) 0.801
Knee height,
cm
      
Baseline 20.52 (19.65, 21.38) 20.65 (19.75, 21.55) 21.76 (20.85, 22.67) 21.03 (20.21, 21.84) 21.12 (20.41, 21.84) 0.332
Final 21.71 (20.89, 22.53) 22.10 (21.28, 22.93) 23.12 (22.25, 23.99) 22.21 (21.42, 22.99) 22.45 (21.76, 23.13) 0.213
Change 1.19 (0.99, 1.39)† 1.45 (1.26, 1.64)† 1.36 (1.12, 1.60)† 1.18 (1.01, 1.36)† 1.32 (1.13, 1.51)† 0.243
Adjusted change * 1.17 (0.99, 1.34) 1.30 (1.12, 1.49) 1.31 (1.12, 1.51) 1.11 (0.94, 1.27) 1.18 (1.02, 1.34) 0.383
Weight for age,
Z score
     
Baseline -0.41 (-0.76, -0.06) -0.40 (-0.70, -0.10) -0.32 (-0.63, -0.01) -0.42 (-0.74, -0.11) -0.24 (-0.50, 0.02) 0.898
Final -0.46 (-0.74, -0.17) -0.39 (-0.68, -0.09) -0.34 (-0.66, -0.02) -0.51 (-0.84, -0.19) -0.36 (-0.62, -0.10) 0.749
Change -0.05 (-0.23, 0.13) 0.01 (-0.14, 0.17) -0.02 (-0.11, 0.08) -0.09 (-0.21, 0.04) -0.12 (-0.25, 0.01) 0.669
Adjusted change * -0.02 (-0.15, 0.11) -0.01 (-0.14, 0.12) 0.00 (-0.14, 0.14) -0.02 (-0.14, 0.10) -0.08 (-0.20, 0.04) 0.908
Weight for height,
Z score
     
Baseline 0.33 (-0.01, 0.68) 0.28 (-0.01, 0.58) 0.35 (0.05, 0.65) 0.35 (0.04, 0.65) 0.50 (0.25, 0.76) 0.865
Final 0.84 (0.53, 1.15) 0.75 (0.44, 1.07) 0.91 (0.55, 1.27) 0.80 (0.46, 1.14) 0.76 (0.45, 1.08) 0.970
Change 0.51 (0.21, 0.80)† 0.47 (0.19, 0.74)† 0.56 (0.36, 0.75)† 0.45 (0.24, 0.67)† 0.26 (0.03, 0.49)† 0.446
Adjusted change * 0.53 (0.29, 0.76) 0.39 (0.14, 0.64) 0.53 (0.27, 0.78) 0.50 (0.28, 0.72) 0.31 (0.09, 0.53) 0.594
Height for age,
Z score
     
Baseline -1.27 (-1.63, -0.91) -1.16 (-1.46, -0.86) -1.09 (-1.41, -0.78) -1.32 (-1.63, -1.01) -1.19 (-1.44, -0.94) 0.868
Final -2.10 (-2.44, -1.76) -1.83 (-2.24, -1.42) -1.82 (-2.22, -1.43) -2.11 (-2.46, -1.76) -1.80 (-2.13, -1.48) 0.425
Change -0.83 (-1.11, -0.55)† -0.67 (-0.96, -0.37)† -0.73 (-0.94, -0.52)† -0.79 (-1.01, -0.57)† -0.61 (-0.86, -0.36)† 0.717
Adjusted change * -0.81 (-1.06, -0.56) -0.60 (-0.86, -0.34) -0.65 (-0.92, -0.37) -0.74 (-0.98, -0.50) -0.60 (-0.83, -0.37) 0.710
  1. Treatment abbreviations: Iron supplement (IS), iron plus folic acid supplement (IFS), multiple micronutrients supplement (MMS), micronutrient fortified complementary food as porridge powder (FCF), or zinc, iron and ascorbic acid fortified water (FW). Values are means (95% CI).
  2. * Estimated changes adjusted for initial value and community. Weight, height and knee height are also adjusted for age.
  3. † Change is significant within treatment at p < 0.05 in paired T-Test