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Table 1 Nutritional screening variables of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), among recently hospitalized elderly patients (N = 240).

From: Nutritional status and functional capacity of hospitalized elderly

Variable Anwers M
(n = 70)
RM
(n = 89)
A
(n = 81)
Chi-square
   n % n % N %  
Reduced food intake in the last 3 moths Severe 45 64.2 21 23.6 4 4.9 p < 0.001
  Moderate 20 28.6 39 43.8 9 11.1 χ 2 = 118.25
  Absent 5 7.2 29 32.6 68 84.0  
Weight loss in the last 3 months More than 3 kg 47 67.2 32 35.9 4 4.9  
  Does not know 10 14.3 18 20.2 2 2.5 p < 0.005
  Between 1 and 3 kg 9 12.8 18 20.2 20 24.7 χ 2 = 103.34
  Absent 4 5.7 21 23.6 55 67.9  
Mobility Bedbound or wheelchair-bound 37 52.8 9 10.2 6 7.4 p < 0.001
  Walks only at home 16 22.8 10 11.2 4 4.9 χ 2 = 80.77
  Normal 17 24.4 70 78.6 71 87.7  
Stress or acute illness in the last months Yes
No
42
28
60.0
40.0
32
57
35.9
64.1
10
71
12.3
87.7
p < 0.007
χ 2 = 37.53
Has neuropsychological problems, dementia or depression Severe 18 25.8 9 10.2 1 1.25 p < 0.001
  Mild dementia 15 21.4 3 3.4 1 1.3 χ 2 = 52.58
  Absent 37 52.8 77 86.5 79 97.5  
Arm circumference (AC) ≤5 39 58.2 14 15.9 2 2.5 p < 0.003
(N = 236) P5 < AC ≤ P10 0 0 13 14.8 9 11.1 χ 2 = 75.50
  P10 < AC < P85 25 37.3 45 51.1 49 60.5  
  AC ≥ P85 3 4.5 16 18.2 21 25.9  
  1. M = malnourished; RM = Risk of malnutrition; A = Adequate.