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Table 4 Macronutrient intakes and compliance with WHO recommendations according to dietary patterns

From: Dietary patterns and quality in West-African immigrants in Madrid

  'Western' pattern
N = 140
'Healthier' pattern
N = 71
FAO/WHO criteria for prevention score % of subjects meeting the WHO criteria
     'Western' pattern 'Healthier' pattern
Protein g 105.0 ± 24.8 102.2 ± 24.4    
% total calories as protein 17.0 ± 2.2 19.6 ± 2.4*** ≥ 10% total kcal 100 100
Total fat g 103.2 ± 24.7*** 79.8 ± 20.0    
% total energy as fat 37.5 ± 4.0 34.3 ± 4.3 15–30% total kcal 2.1 19.7***
Saturated fat g 30.1 ± 8.3*** 22.0 ± 7.1    
% total energy as sat. fat 10.9 ± 1.8 9.4 ± 1.9 < 10% total kcal 33.6 66.2***
Monounsaturated fat g 45.5 ± 11.7*** 35.6 ± 9.1    
w-3 fatty acids (FA) g 1.8 ± 0.5(*) 1.7 ± 0.5    
% total energy as w3 FA 0.65 ± 0.12 0.74 ± 0.13*** 1–2% total kcal 1.4 1.4
Cholesterol mg 471 ± 235(*) 416 ± 202 < 300 mg/d 20.0 32.4***
Sugar g 59.2 ± 31.2*** 37.0 ± 18.4    
% total energy as sugar 21.5 ± 9.3*** 16.1 ± 7.8 < 10% total kcal 3.6 25.4***
Fibre g 19.7 ± 6.0 21.2 ± 5.6 ≥ 25 g/d 17.1 25.4
Fruit & vegetable g 473 ± 178 596 ± 219*** ≥ 400 g/d 54.3 80.3***
Kcalories 2484 ± 550*** 2090 ± 440    
  1. FAO/WHO criteria for 8 components of the Prevention score
  2. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001 t-test (*) < 0.15 p < 0.10