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Table 2 Characteristics of patients and divided according to the size of hospital.

From: Malnutrition prevalence and precision in nutritional care differed in relation to hospital volume – a cross-sectional survey

  Hospitals  
  Large sized Middle sized Small sized  
  n = 1197 n = 824 n = 370 P-value
Age, mean (SD) 66 (18) 69 (16) 70 (16) 0.001 a, b, c
Age group     < 0.005 a, b
   < 70 years, % 51.7 45.0 39.9  
   ≥ 70 years, % 48.3 55.0 60.1  
Gender, %     0.580
   Men 49.5 48.0 46.5  
   Women 50.5 52.0 53.5  
Distribution of patients within some specialities, %     
   Medicine 36.9 41.0 33.2 0.092
   Surgery 16.8 17.0 10.5 0.022 b, c
   Orthopaedics 8.6 11.1 13.8 0.018 d
   Psychiatry 5.3 2.6 8.9 0.001 a, b, c
Distribution of patients according to some diagnosis categories, %     
   Pulmonary 6.1 11.6 9.8 < 0.0005 a, b
   Cardiovascular 19.0 22.4 30.6 < 0.0005 b, c
   Infectious 9.9 7.3 4.0 0.003 b, c
   Gastrointestinal 13.4 20.3 3.4 < 0.0005 a, b, c
   Neurological 4.3 5.2 2.4 0.139
   Orthopaedic 10.8 7.8 29.0 < 0.0005 a, b, c
   Psychiatric 6.1 3.1 11.1 < 0.0005 a, b, c
   Oncological 28.5 24.2 7.3 < 0.0005 b, c
  1. Missing values in < 5%. ANOVA, Chi-square test
  2. a first group differs compared to second
  3. b first group differs compared to third
  4. c second group differs compared to third group
  5. d not significant in post hoc analysis