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Table 4 Red Blood Cell Fatty Acid Analysis Data

From: Fatty acid status and behavioural symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adolescents: A case-control study

  ADHD (n = 11) Control (n = 12)
Total omega-3 Fatty Acids 5.79 ± 1.39 † 7.42 ± 1.64
Alpha-Linolenic Acid (18:3 n-3) 0.16 ± 0.07 0.13 ± 0.09
Stearidonic Acid (18:4 n-3) 0.07 ± 0.04 0.07 ± 0.04
20:3 n-3 0.02 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01
Eicosatetraenoic Acid (20:4 n-3) 0.05 ± 0.05 0.05 ± 0.04
Eicosapentaenoic Acid (20:5 n-3) 0.51 ± 0.21 0.64 ± 0.24
Docosapentaenoic Acid (22:5 n-3) 1.88 ± 0.71 2.03 ± 0.56
Docosahexaenoic Acid (22:6 n-3) 3.12 ± 0.75 † 4.39 ± 1.34
Total omega-6 Fatty Acids 33.33 ± 1.83 32.51 ± 1.59
Linoleic Acid (18:2 n-6) 13.26 ± 0.95 * 12.02 ± 2.14
Gamma-Linolenic Acid (18:3 n-6) 0.05 ± 0.03 0.06 ± 0.03
Eicosadienoic Acid (20:2 n-6) 0.15 ± 0.07 0.14 ± 0.09
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic Acid (20:3 n-6) 1.69 ± 0.20 * 1.84 ± 0.51
Arachidonic Acid (20:4 n-6) 14.51 ± 1.67 14.73 ± 1.48
Docosadienoic Acid (22:2 n-6) 0.05 ± 0.03 0.04 ± 0.06
Adrenic Acid (22:4 n-6) 3.61 ± 1.33 3.63 ± 0.72
Docosapentanoic Acid (22:5 n-6) 0.03 ± 0.03 0.07 ± 0.01
n-3: n-6 Ratio 0.17 ± 0.04 † 0.23 ± 0.06
n-6: n-3 Ratio 5.86 ± 2.04 * 4.64 ± 1.27
AA/EPA 31.61 ± 8.91 26.04 ± 10.27
Total Saturated Fatty Acids 39.38 ± 1.79 39.26 ± 1.16
Total Monounsaturated Fatty Acids 21.51 ± 1.15 20.81 ± 1.15
Total Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids 39.11 ± 2.48 39.93 ± 1.76
  1. Values are means +/- standard deviation and given as a mol % of total fatty acids. † Significant difference between groups (p < 0.02), * Difference between groups (p = 0.095)