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Table 3 Patterns of Metabolic Syndrome diagnostic criteria (in percent)a

From: Diagnostic criteria patterns of U.S. children with Metabolic Syndrome: NHANES 1999–2002

Group a): Non-missing data on ≥ 3 criteria but missing blood glucose data (2–18 years old) (n = 3,467)
Triglycerides HDLb Obesity Hyperglycemia HTNc Prevalence (in %)
0 0 0 N/A 0 62.3
0 0 0 N/A 1 3.1
0 0 1 N/A 0 8.3
0 0 1 N/A 1 0.9
0 1 0 N/A 0 11.0
0 1 0 N/A 1 0.6
0 1 1 N/A 0 5.2
0 1 1 N/A 1 0.9
1 0 0 N/A 0 3.6
1 0 0 N/A 1 0.2
1 0 1 N/A 0 1.0
1 0 1 N/A 1 0.2
1 1 0 N/A 0 1.8
1 1 1 N/A 0 1.0
1 1 1 N/A 1 0.1
Group b): Non-missing data: ≥ 3 criteria & blood glucose but not overweight/obese (12–18 years old) (n = 1,064)
Triglycerides HDL b Obesity Hyperglycemia HTN c Prevalence (in %)
0 0 0 0 0 61.9
0 0 0 0 1 2.2
0 0 0 1 0 6.4
0 0 1 0 0 0.1
0 1 0 0 0 9.1
0 1 0 0 1 0.9
0 1 0 1 0 0.4
0 1 0 1 1 0.2
1 0 0 0 0 10.8
1 0 0 0 1 1.0
1 0 0 1 0 1.6
1 0 0 1 1 0.1
1 1 0 0 0 4.4
1 1 0 1 0 0.4
Group c): Non-missing data: ≥ 3 criteria & blood glucose & overweight or obese (12–18 years old) (n = 641)
Triglycerides HDL b Obesity Hyperglycemia HTN c Prevalence (in %)
0 0 0 0 0 30.6
0 0 0 0 1 2.4
0 0 0 1 0 3.4
0 0 0 1 1 0.2
0 0 1 0 0 10.7
0 0 1 0 1 1.1
0 0 1 1 0 1.4
0 0 1 1 1 0.7
0 1 0 0 0 6.2
0 1 0 0 1 0.8
0 1 0 1 0 0.9
0 1 1 0 0 4.2
0 1 1 0 1 1.0
0 1 1 1 0 0.7
0 1 1 1 1 0.2
1 0 0 0 0 3.5
1 0 0 0 1 0.3
1 0 0 1 0 1.3
1 0 0 1 1 0.1
1 0 1 0 0 3.4
1 0 1 0 1 1.1
1 0 1 1 0 0.5
1 0 1 1 1 0.7
1 1 0 0 0 7.3
1 1 0 0 1 0.9
1 1 0 1 0 1.3
1 1 1 0 0 11.2
1 1 1 0 1 0.7
1 1 1 1 0 1.7
1 1 1 1 1 2.0
  1. a1 = met the criteria, 0 = did not meet the criteria, bHigh Density Lipoprotein, cHypertension