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Table 2 Differences in plausible dietary intake between BMI and WC groups in men

From: Dietary factors associated with obesity indicators and level of sports participation in Flemish adults: a cross-sectional study

  BMI WC
  < 25 kg/m2 25–30 kg/m2 ≥30 kg/m2 P < 94 cm 94–102 cm ≥102 cm P
  n = 225 n = 226 n = 34   n = 333 n = 109 n = 43  
Total EI (kcal/d) 2758.2 ± 401.0 2777.0 ± 459.1a 2938.9 ± 409.6a,b <0.001 2757.0 ± 410.8 2789.2 ± 480.8a 2931.0 ± 430.8a,b <0.001
Protein         
   (kcal/d) 413.0 ± 113.1 429.2 ± 88.3a 477.2 ± 120.5a,b <0.001 414.4 ± 105.8 436.7 ± 95.4a 477.6 ± 92.1a,b <0.001
   (%E) 15.0 ± 3.2 15.5 ± 2.6 16.4 ± 4.2 0.059 15.1 ± 3.0 15.8 ± 3.0 16.4 ± 2.8a 0.043
Carbohydrate         
   (kcal/d) 1326.0 ± 288.2 1242.8 ± 275.5 1260.6 ± 313.5 0.883 1308.0 ± 284.9 1232.6 ± 274.4 1213.5 ± 306.9 0.991
   (%E) 48.0 ± 7.5 44.8 ± 7.3a 42.5 ± 6.7a <0.001 47.4 ± 7.7 44.1 ± 6.1a 41.1 ± 6.6a,b <0.001
Sugar         
   (kcal/d) 310.5 ± 185.9 277.1 ± 143.4 289.7 ± 182.1 0.945 299.8 ± 174.5 284.2 ± 142.4 268.6 ± 171.3 0.408
   (%E) 11.2 ± 6.2 10.0 ± 4.7 9.7 ± 5.7 0.683 10.8 ± 5.8 10.1 ± 4.7 9.0 ± 5.3 0.715
Starch         
   (kcal/d) 701.3 ± 223.3 651.3 ± 186.9 663.2 ± 220.0 0.607 689.0 ± 210.8 643.9 ± 192.7 649.6 ± 215.5 0.839
   (%E) 25.4 ± 7.1 23.5 ± 5.9a 22.3 ± 5.5a 0.003 25.0 ± 6.9 23.0 ± 5.2a 21.9 ± 5.4a <0.001
Fibre         
   (kcal/d) 94.4 ± 33.3 87.8 ± 24.3 89.4 ± 23.6 0.053 92.8 ± 30.6 87.0 ± 25.0 86.6 ± 23.5 0.114
   (%E) 3.4 ± 1.1 3.2 ± 0.9a 3.1 ± 0.9a <0.001 3.4 ± 1.0 3.2 ± 0.9a 3.0 ± 0.8a <0.001
Fat         
   (kcal/d) 912.0 ± 246.6 972.9 ± 283.3a 1066.2 ± 256.9a <0.001 930.6 ± 260.9 979.8 ± 279.0a 1038.1 ± 276.6a <0.001
   (%E) 32.9 ± 6.9 34.7 ± 6.5a 36.2 ± 6.8a <0.001 33.5 ± 6.9 34.8 ± 6.3a 35.2 ± 6.8a 0.021
Saturated fat         
   (kcal/d) 347.5 ± 112.6 374.0 ± 114.5a 409.3 ± 107.0a <0.001 355.9 ± 113.5 373.2 ± 112.9a 405.9 ± 115.0a <0.001
   (%E) 12.6 ± 3.4 13.4 ± 3.0a 13.9 ± 3.0a 0.006 12.8 ± 3.3 13.3 ± 3.0 13.8 ± 3.2 0.111
Monounsaturated         
   (kcal/d) 343.1 ± 114.3 371.3 ± 122.3a 417.6 ± 111.4a,b <0.001 352.8 ± 121.0 373.2 ± 111.4a 398.7 ± 120.5a <0.001
   (%E) 12.4 ± 3.5 13.2 ± 3.1a 14.2 ± 3.5a <0.001 12.7 ± 3.5 13.3 ± 2.9a 13.5 ± 3.5a 0.025
Polyunsaturated         
   (kcal/d) 153.5 ± 65.3 165.9 ± 76.3a 178.4 ± 72.7a 0.001 156.3 ± 66.2 169.6 ± 86.2a 176.3 ± 65.8a <0.001
   (%E) 5.6 ± 2.2 5.9 ± 2.3 6.0 ± 2.1 0.072 5.6 ± 2.1 6.0 ± 2.5 6.0 ± 1.9 0.105
Alcohol         
   (kcal/d) 109.6 ± 114.8 134.6 ± 133.4 137.6 ± 138.0 0.571 106.4 ± 111.7 142.5 ± 130.6a 204.4 ± 172.9a,b <0.001
   (%E) 4.1 ± 4.3 5.0 ± 5.0 5.0 ± 5.1 0.877 4.0 ± 4.2 5.3 ± 4.8 7.4 ± 6.3a,b 0.003
Ca (mg/d) 990.2 ± 643.6 980.2 ± 394.5 1036.2 ± 397.7 0.408 970.2 ± 567.9 1021.5 ± 402.5 1070.8 ± 440.0 0.099
Fe (mg/d) 15.9 ± 4.4 16.0 ± 4.93 17.6 ± 5.4 0.068 15.8 ± 4.2 16.2 ± 5.9 17.6 ± 5.1a 0.030
Cholesterol 99.4 ± 38.4 106.9 ± 39.3 119.1 ± 36.4a 0.030 101.2 ± 39.8 105.4 ± 35.3 124.7 ± 36.0a,b 0.007
  1. Results of ANCOVA's with age, time health related sports and time watching TV as covariatesa
  2. a P < 0.05 vs. BMI < 25 kg/m2
  3. b P < 0.05 vs. BMI 25–30 kg/m2