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Table 2 Incremental and/or total area under the curve for serum glucose, free-fatty acids, insulin and plasma glucagon after experimental meals.

From: Acute effect of meal glycemic index and glycemic load on blood glucose and insulin responses in humans

  Large meal Small meal
  High GI* Low GI High GI Low GI
tAUC FFA (mmol·l-1 ·2 h-1) 33 (29–35) 30 (25–35) 34 (31–41) 37 (30–43)
tAUC FFA (mmol·l-1 ·5 h-1) 63 (56–68)a 63 (59–84)a 104 (102–109)b 91 (80–100)b
iAUC Glucose (mmol· l-1 ·2 h-1) 267 (184–338)a 149 (111–172)b 187 (74–207)b 91 (69–159)b
iAUC Glucose (mmol· l-1 ·5 h-1) 373 (246–523)a 215 (176–264)b 202 (109–295)b 137 (87–214)b
tAUC Glucose (mmol· l-1 ·2 h-1) 866 (771–1000)a 743 (720–784)b 785 (100–815)b 698 (660–745)b
tAUC Glucose (mmol· l-1 ·5 h-1) 1871 (1755–2042)a 1705 (1654–1787)b 1613 (1577–1770)b 1599 (1540–1653)b
iAUC Insulin (nmol· l-1 ·2 h-1) 84 (54–95)a 38 (35–50)b 46 (40–55)b 22 (13–28)c
iAUC Insulin (nmol· l-1 ·5 h-1) 139 (96–178)a 69 (57–93)b 59 (50–74)c 30 (17–37)d
tAUC Insulin (nmol· l-1 ·2 h-1) 97 (67–109)a 50 (44–62)b 59 (48–69)b 34 (30–47)c
tAUC Insulin (nmol· l-1 ·5 h-1) 166 (129–213)a 98 (81–136)b 87 (79–102)b 58 (52–74)c
tAUC Glucagon (μg· l-1 ·2 h-1) 1309 (1100–1424) 1547 (1334–1673) 1452 (1279–1499) 1443 (1189–1686)
tAUC Glucagon (μg· l-1 ·5 h-1) 3234 (2955–3711) 3677 (3312–4439) 3752 (3141–3885) 3998 (3049–4255)
  1. Median and interquartile range. * Glycemic index. Statistical differences using Friedman's test and two-tailed Wilcoxon ranked post hoc test. Medians with different superscript letters in each row are significantly different (p < 0.05).