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Table 1 Exercise and functional foods.

From: Exercise and functional foods

Physiological functions A B C
Replenishment of water Isotonic drinks Hypotonic drinks
Glycerol
 
Improvement of endurance High-carbohydrate
Citric acid
Arginine
Caffeine
Carnitine
Capsaicine
Enhancement of muscle strength Protein
BCAA
Creatine
β-HMB
Glutamine Arginine
Prevention of muscle/joint injuries or fatigue High-carbohydrate
Citric acid
Vitamins C and E
Carotenoids, Flavonoids
Carnosine, Anserine
Glucosamine
Chondroitin
Prevention of a decrease in immunocompetence Carbohydrate Vitamins C and E
Glutamine
 
  1. A: The factors in this group has been shown adequate scientific evidence.
  2. B: The factors in this group has been shown suggestive evidence.
  3. C: The factors in this group has been shown no evidence while possible to effective.