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Table 3 Laboratory Data of Patients on Admission*

From: Controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial to evaluate the impact of fruit juice consumption on the evolution of infants with acute diarrhea

  Apple Juice n = 30 White Grape Juice n = 30 Water* n = 30
  χ SD χ SD χ SD
Serum Sodium (mEq/l) 142.03 5.45 140.96 3.51 140.51 5.39
Serum Potassium (mEq/l) 3.99 0.59 3.95 0.81 4.27 0.78
Hematocrit (%) 31.17 3.29 30.93 2.50 32.03 3.55
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 10.28 1.13 10.24 0.87 10.58 1.19
No Anemia 06(n) 20.0 % 02(n) 6.7 % 07(n) 23.3 %
Mild Anemia † 20(n) 66.7 % 26(n) 86.6% 20(n) 66.7 %
Severe Anemia† 04(n) 13.3 % 02(n) 6.7 % 03(n) 10.0 %
Rotavirus 19(n) 63.3 % 18(n) 60.0 % 18(n) 60.0 %
Parasites‡ 05(n) 16.7%. 04(n) 13.3 % 01(n) 3.3 %
  1. *There were no significant differences among groups by ANOVA p > 0.05.
  2. † The criteria for mild Anemia was a hemoglobin less than 11.0 g/dl and for severe anemia was a hemoglobin less than 9 g/dl (WHO, 1989)
  3. ‡ The parasites detected were: Ascaris lumbricoides (4), Giardia lamblia (1) Blastocytes hominis (1) Entamoeba coli (1) and Cryptosporidium parvum (3).
  4. n = number of patients and % of patients in each category
  5. xColoured/flavoured to resemble juice