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Table 1 Relationship between inflammation and demographic characteristics of children, age 1–5 years, in the Republic of the Marshall Islands

From: Vitamin A deficiency and inflammatory markers among preschool children in the Republic of the Marshall Islands

  Inflammation 1  
Characteristic 2 No (n= 125) Yes (n= 123) P
Mean age (years) 3.2 (3.0, 3.4) 2.8 (2.5, 3.0) 0.016
Sex (% male) 54.3 43.1 0.075
Night blind (%) 9.5 8.9 0.83
Hospitalized in last year (%)
0 23.6 11.0 0.024
1–2 44.7 43.2  
3–4 18.7 31.4  
5+ 13.0 14.4  
Mean number of people living in house 11.4 (10.1, 12.7) 11.3 (10.1, 12.4) 0.62
Currently breastfeeding (%) 14.3 18.9 0.33
Presence of a vegetable garden at home (%) 32.2 32.8 0.93
Mean hemoglobin (g/L) 119 (108, 112) 109 (106, 110) 0.19
Hemoglobin <110 g/L (%) 31.7 43.8 0.05
Mean retinol (μmol/L) 0.66 (0.61, 0.72) 0.52 (0.47, 0.58) 0.0005
Retinol <0.70 μmol/L (%) 52.0 67.5 0.013
  1. 1 Defined as CRP >5 mg/L and/or AGP >1000 mg/L. 2 Geometric mean; 95% CI in parentheses.