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Table 5 Comparisons of the effects of the MILK and NCEP diets of indices of insulin and glucose homeostasis

From: Impact of milk consumption on cardiometabolic risk in postmenopausal women with abdominal obesity

Variables MILK NCEP P between
Pre Post % P within Pre Post % P within
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 6.08 ± 0.39 5.77 ± 0.45 −5.1% <0.001 5.98 ± 0.47 5.80 ± 0.53 -3.1% 0.009 0.22
Fasting insulin (mmol/L) 160.0 ± 93.5 159.9 ± 81.3 0.0% 0.96 166.6 ± 113.8 148.2 ± 91.2 −11.0% 0.11 0.09
Glucose AUC (mmol/L/min) nd 1415 ± 57    nd 1437 ± 381 −1.5%   0.29
Insulin AUC x10 5 (mmol/L/min) nd 1.96 ± 1.60    nd 2.03 ± 1.74 −3.3%   0.85
ISI Cederholm nd 11.9 ± 4.0    nd 11.8 ± 4.6 0.3%   0.68
ISI Matsuda nd 5.16 ± 2.66    nd 5.55 ± 3.49 −7.0%   0.31
  1. Values are mean ± SD, N = 25 for all variables.
  2. Differences between diets were tested using MIXED models for repeated measurements.
  3. Diet specific baseline values and changes in waist circumference were included as covariates in all models, except when outcomes were measured only post diet, in which case post diet waist circumference was included as a covariate.
  4. AUC: area under the curve, ISI: Insulin sensitivity index.