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Table 3 Frequency of reporting food categories, percent of total energy intake provided by food categories and p-values among adults (20 + y) in the United States a and Brazil b

From: Difference in adult food group intake by sex and age groups comparing Brazil and United States nationwide surveys

Food categories UNITED STATES BRAZIL p-values
% reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy
Milk 46.9 3.7 23.1 2.5 <0.0001 <0.0001
Dairy products 62.4 5.9 17.8 2.0 <0.0001 <0.0001
Meat 26.1 3.6 54.5 11.2 <0.0001 <0.0001
Poultry 25.9 3.6 27.3 4.7 0.2756 <0.0001
Fish and seafood 9.8 1.1 8.2 2.0 0.0356 <0.0001
Eggs and egg dishes 20.5 2.0 15.7 1.3 0.0006 <0.0001
Protein mixed dishes 53.8 12.6 33.0 4.9 <0.0001 <0.0001
Deli and cured meats 36.0 3.3 16.3 1.4 <0.0001 <0.0001
Beans and legumes 11.4 1.1 77.5 10.4 <0.0001 <0.0001
Rice and rice dishes 15.4 1.9 89.2 12.5 <0.0001 <0.0001
Breads 76.0 10.5 70.1 9.7 <0.0001 0.0111
Savory snacks 44.1 4.4 18.6 1.8 <0.0001 <0.0001
Pizza and pasta 25.1 6.9 22.8 4.2 0.0931 <0.0001
Cereals and grains 32.8 3.2 12.4 1.4 <0.0001 <0.0001
Sweets and confections 60.8 7.5 32.4 5.5 <0.0001 <0.0001
Fruits 44.1 2.6 36.1 3.1 0.0005 0.0092
Vegetables 69.6 5.4 56.7 3.0 <0.0001 <0.0001
Coffee and tea 66.2 1.9 85.6 6.2 <0.0001 <0.0001
Juices 32.8 3.0 38.7 5.2 0.0026 <0.0001
Soft drinks 58.3 5.4 23.3 1.8 <0.0001 <0.0001
Alcoholic beverages 23.4 4.4 5.0 1.1 <0.0001 <0.0001
Spreads 29.1 1.1 40.0 2.4 <0.0001 <0.0001
Oils and nuts 43.4 3.8 2.5 0.1 <0.0001 <0.0001
Sauces and condiments 46.7 1.0 1.8 0.1 <0.0001 <0.0001
All other foods 2.4 0.2 11.8 1.4 <0.0001 <0.0001
  1. aIncludes first day of intake, What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–2008.
  2. bIncludes first day of intake, Household Budget Survey, Individual Food Intake 2008–2009.