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Table 3 Maternal nutritional findings during pregnancy

From: Malnutrition in pregnancy following bariatric surgery: three clinical cases of fetal neural defects

  MOTHER 1 MOTHER 2 MOTHER 3
Clinical signs fatigue fatigue nyctalopia
Nutritional supplements before pregnancy no no yes
Nutritional supplements during first trimester no no no
Nutritional status during pregnancy (gestational age) 24 w 20 w 22 w
-Folates (ng/ml; nv 2–19.9) 5.1 >24 *
-Vitamin B12 (pg/ml; nv 243–894) 201 <15 *
-Vitamin A (mcg/ml; nv 0.25-0.86) 0.24 0.1 *
-1,25-dihydroxyVitD (pmol/L; nv 48–110) 44.6 40.3 *
-25-hydroxyVitD (nmol/L; nv 23–113) 40.30 76.28 *
-Iron (mcg/dl; nv 25–156) 16 73 *
-Ferritin (ng/ml; nv 18–440) 2 10 *
-Hb (g/dl; nv 11.7-15.5) 8.7 12 *
-Pre-albumin levels (mg/dl; nv 20–40) 19 17 -
  1. nv = normal value range.
  2. *hypovitaminosis as reported by the patient. Clinical records not available.