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Table 1 Demographic, clinical, and laboratory profile of patients with type 2 diabetes, stratified by CHD risk

From: Adiposity markers and risk of coronary heart disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  All patients High risk (≥20%) Low-moderate risk (<20%) P-value
N 420 99 321 -
Female 226 (53.5%) 31 (31.3%) 195 (60.7%) -
Age (years) 61.9 ± 9.5 68.1 ± 6.4 58.7 ± 9.2 -
Diabetes duration (years) 10.0 (6.0-17.0) 15.0 (9.0-22.0) 10.0 (5.0-15.0) -
White (Latino) ethnicity 348 (82.9%) 94 (94.9%) 254 (79.1%) -
Education (years) 7.2 ± 3.6 7.0 ± 3.5 7.3 ± 3.6 0.554a
Smoking
 Current smokers 48 (11.4%) 13 (13.1%) 35 (10.9%)  
 Former smokers 175 (41.7%) 52 (52.5%) 123 (38.3%) -
 Nonsmokers 197 (46.9%) 34 (34.3%) 163 (50.8%)  
Current alcohol intake 132 (31.4%) 33 (33.3%) 99 (30.8%) 0.186b
Sedentary lifestyle 246 (58.7%) 63 (63.6%) 183 (57.2%) <0.001 b
Micro- and macroalbuminuria 129 (31.0%) 41 (41.8%) 87 (27.4%) 0.007b
Current use of hypolipidemic drugs 151 (36.0%) 36 (36.4%) 115 (35.8%) 0.922b
Diabetes treatment
 Diet 24 (5.7%) 3 (3.0%) 21 (6.5%)  
 Oral antidiabetics 245 (58.3%) 50 (50.5%) 195 (60.8%) 0.082b
 Oral antidiabetics and/or insulin 151 (36.0%) 46 (46.5%) 105 (32.7%)  
Hypertension 360 (85.7%) 85 (85.9%) 257 (81.0%) 0.195b
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 139 ± 21 143 ± 24 137 ± 20 -
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80 ± 12 79 ± 14 80 ± 12 0.407a
BMI (kg/m2) 28.8 ± 4.3 28.2 ± 4.5 28.9 ± 4.3 0.163a
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 149.8 ± 55.6 166.3 ± 64.8 144.7 ± 51.4 0.003a
Glycosylated hemoglobin (%) 7.6 ± 1.6 8.3 ± 2.0 7.3 ± 1.4 -
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 201.2 ± 41.6 212.5 ± 42.5 197.7 ± 40.7 -
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)
 Female (n = 226) 51.9 ± 12.8 49.4 ± 11.5 52.3 ± 13.0 -
 Male (n = 194) 46.2 ± 11.3 43.5 ± 10.0 47.7 ± 11.8 -
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 121.0 ± 35.5 130.6 ± 39.3 116.9 ± 34.4 0.002a
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 135.5 (100.0-201.0) 159.0 (117.0-236.0) 132.0 (94.5-186.0) <0.001 c
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 0.87 ± 0.23 0.94 ± 0.26 0.84 ± 0.22 <0.001 a
  1. Data expressed as means ± SD, median (interquartile range), or n (%). CHD, Coronary heart disease. Current alcohol intake available for 308 patients.
  2. aStudent t test, bChi-square test, cMann–Whitney U test.