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Table 1 Characteristics of men and women at baseline

From: Gender differences in the long-term effects of a nutritional intervention program promoting the Mediterranean diet: changes in dietary intakes, eating behaviors, anthropometric and metabolic variables

  Men (n = 64) Women (n = 59)
  Mean SD Mean SD
Medscore (arbitrary units) 22.7 4.3 24.1 3.6
Age (years) 41.0 7.9 41.8 6.7
Body mass index (kg/m2) 30.8 4.4 29.6* 6.0
Body fat (%) 26.7 4.5 39.2* 6.2
Waist circumference (cm) 106.1 10.2 95.8* 11.5
LDL-C (mmol/l) 3.6 0.7 3.6 0.7
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.1 0.2 1.4* 0.3
Total-C/HDL-C ratio 5.1 1.0 4.2* 0.9
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.9 0.9 1.5* 0.6
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.3 0.5 5.2 0.7
  1. SD: Standard deviation.
  2. For percentage of body fat, n = 52 men and n =48 women.
  3. For lipid-lipoprotein variables and fasting glucose, n = 63 men and n = 58 women.
  4. *Values significantly different between men and women (P ≤0.05, Student’s t-test procedure).
  5. Trend for a significant difference between men and women (P = 0.06, Student’s t-test procedure).