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Table 2 Nutrient profile of the total diet for the peanut and control groups from the six 24-hour recalls during the study

From: A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of incorporating peanuts into an American Diabetes Association meal plan on the nutrient profile of the total diet and cardiometabolic parameters of adults with type 2 diabetes

  Peanut (n = 29) Control (n = 28) Pvaluea
Nutrient Mean SD Mean SD  
Energy, kcal 1599 397 1598 443 0.99
Total carbohydrate, g 174 43 189 56 0.28
Total protein, g 74 19 71 20 0.53
Total fat, g 72 26 65 24 0.29
 SFA, g 20 8 22 9 0.26
 MUFA, g 30 11 24 10 0.04
 PUFA, g 17 6 13 5 <0.01
PUFA:SFA (P:S) ratio 1.01 0.27 0.72 0.27 <0.01
Cholesterol, mg 210 143 270 136 0.11
Fiber, g 22 6 19 7 0.19
Vitamin C, mg 83 46 71 33 0.28
Vitamin D, μg 3.4 2.3 3.6 1.6 0.81
α-tocopherol equivalents, mg 11.8 4.3 9.1 4.4 0.02
Niacin, mg 23.5 6.5 20.0 5.9 0.03
Folate, μg 402 119 385 122 0.58
Vitamin B12, μg 5.6 7.4 4.3 1.7 0.36
Calcium, mg 703 292 763 286 0.42
Phosphorus, mg 1114 263 1092 303 0.77
Magnesium, mg 302 53 245 68 <0.01
Copper, mg 9.8 2.4 10.3 3.6 <0.01
Sodium, mg 2703 817 2973 855 0.22
Potassium, mg 2557 550 2298 647 0.10
  1. a P values are for between-group differences in mean nutrient profile of the total diet.