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Table 4 Cytokines secreted by PBMC a during 24 h culture b

From: Consumption of cranberry polyphenols enhances human γδ-T cell proliferation and reduces the number of symptoms associated with colds and influenza: a randomized, placebo-controlled intervention study

Cytokine Placebo beverage Cranberry beverage Pc
IL-1β -519.7 ± 115.5d -187.8 ± 107.1 0.088
IFN-γ -24.8 ± 33.4 148.1 ± 80.2 0.041
TNF-α 189.7 ± 155.9 367.2 ± 140.2 0.452
IL-17 16.8 ± 11.3 26.2 ± 16.7 0.973
IL-1α -36.5 ± 20.0 -27.9 ± 29.7 0.496
MIP-1β 968.3 ± 533.1 1120.0 ± 470.3 0.395
IL-13 -3.1 ± 7.1 -11.5 ± 10.6 0.156
  1. aPBMC, peripheral blood mononuclear cells bOn Day 0, PBMC were cultured in RPMI-1640 with autologous serum and PHA-L, IL-2 and IL-15 cP values are two-tailed based on the Wilcoxon/Kruskai-Wallis Rank sum test dValues reported are the mean changes ± SEM of the 10-wk data minus the baseline data.