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Table 1 Dietary fatty acids at baseline and after the 2-wk diet intervention for participants randomized to omnivorous, fish, or vegetarian dietsa

From: Restriction of meat, fish, and poultry in omnivores improves mood: A pilot randomized controlled trial

  Omnivorous diet Fish diet Vegetarian diet  
  Baseline Week 2 Baseline Week 2 Baseline Week 2 P
α linolenic, g 0.37 (0.68) 0.44 (0.79) 0.79 (0.89) 0.28 (0.81) 0.58 (0.70) 0.38 (0.50) 0.874
Eicosa-pentaenoic, g 0.06 (0.10) 0.09 (0.12) 0.10 (0.13) 0.23 (0.26)b 0.06 (0.10) 0.00 (0.00)bc .001
Docosa-hexaenoic, g 0.12 (0.15) 0.12 (0.17) 0.19 (0.25) 0.36 (0.37)b 0.09 (0.13) 0.00 (0.00)bc .001
Total n-3, g 0.69 (0.88) 0.61 (0.85) 1.10 (0.74) 1.11 (1.48) 0.73 (0.60) 0.39 (0.50) .065
Linolenic, g 4.29 (4.49) 3.54 (4.48) 6.49 (6.85) 5.53 (7.49) 4.63 (4.08) 4.69 (4.72) .790
Arachidonic, g 0.12 (0.12) 0.08 (0.12) 0.14 (0.07) 0.08 (0.11) 0.10 (0.06) 0.00 (0.00)bc .001
Total n-6, g 5.63 (3.78) 4.21 (4.49) 6.77 (6.95) 5.71 (7.11) 5.03 (4.64) 4.70 (5.05) .821
Saturated, g 10.44 (7.92) 9.69 (10.22) 13.15 (9.86) 7.56 (8.72) 14.66 (12.36) 8.44 (9.99) .173
Total fatty acids, g 29.78 (13.79) 30.12 (25.73) 39.52 (34.8) 30.64 (31.59) 38.40 (28.45) 22.86 (23.86) .278
n-6/n-3* 7.32 (5.21) 7.50 (5.67) 6.76 (5.63) 3.99 (6.21) 7.88 (2.12) 14.55 (10.60)bc .001
  1. a Data are median (IQR); P value for 2-wk change in scores by group (Kruskal Wallis test)
  2. b Change from baseline significantly greater for vegetarian diet than for omnivorous diet
  3. c Change from baseline significantly greater for vegetarian diet than for fish diet
  4. * LA + AA/ALA + EPA + DHA