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Table 8 Gastrointestinal microflora

From: Synbiotics, probiotics or prebiotics in infant formula for full term infants: a systematic review

Costalos 200841: Median (range) as % of total bacteria
  Prebiotics (n=70)` Controls (n=70)  
% Bifidobacteria 39.69 (0–143.3) 14.87 (0–101)  
% E.coli 1.95 (0–69.32) 4.06 (0–59.31)  
Fanaro 2008 43 : Median (IQR) microflora -log10(CFU) per gram stool
  Prebiotics (n=56) Controls (n=59)  
Bifidobacteria 9.86 (8.99-10.18) 9.38 (8.35-9.90)  
Lactobacilli 4.62 (2–6.5) 4 (2–5.05)  
Bacteriodes 7.95 (6.64-9.6) 8.16 (6.3-9.04)  
Clostridia 4.3 (3–5.28) 4.29 (2.48-5.43)  
Enterobacteria 8.65 (8.12-9.13) 8.53 (7.96-9.01)  
E. coli 8.50 (7.9-8.99) 8.33 (7.59-8.83)  
Moro 2002 35 : Median (IQR)
  Prebiotic1 (n=30) Prebiotic2 (n=27) Control (n=33)
Bifidobacteria 9.3 (1.6) 9.7 (0.8) 7.2 (4.9)
Lactobacilli 5.9 (1.5) 5.6 (2.1) 3.4 (1.8)
Moro 2006 32 : Median (IQR) log10(CFU) per gram stool
  Prebiotics (n=50) Controls (n=44)  
Bifidobacteria 10.28 (0.7) 8.65 (1.2)  
Lactobacilli 5.99 (3.6) 5.9 (2)