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Table 3 Secondary outcome measures with p-values (n = 20)

From: Is a multispecies probiotic mixture effective in constipation during pregnancy? 'A pilot study'

Outcome Baseline Week 2 Week 4 P-value (week 4 – week 0)
Straining during defecation 100.0% 70.0% 65.0% P = 0.01
Hard stools 90.0% 65.0% 65.0% P = 0.10
Sensation of incomplete evacuation 90.0% 35.0% 40.0% P < 0.01
Sensation of anorectal obstruction 90.0% 40.0% 45.0% P < 0.01
Manual manoeuvres 10.0% 5.0% 5.0% P = 0.56
Abdominal pain 60.0% 30.0% 20.0% P = 0.01
Reflux episodes 60.0% 45.0% 20.0% P = 0.01