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Table 2 Effect of Ramadan fasting on some clinical and biological parameters before and after Ramadan (n = 65 for hs-CRP and 82 for rest)

From: Effects of Ramadan fasting on cardiovascular risk factors: a prospective observational study

Biochemical variables Before Ramadan After Ramadan p-values
  x ¯ ± S D 3 x ¯ ± S D 3  
FBS 1(mmol/l) 124.7 ± 48 128.1 ± 54 0.327
insulin (μU/mL) 12.4 ± 9.5 11.8 ± 7.6 0.583
HOMA.IR (μUmol/l2) 3.8 ± 3 3.6 ± 3 0.093
Hcy 2(μmol/l) 10.5 ± 3.8 11.5 ± 3.9 0.065
hs-CRP ( mg/L) 1.0 ± 1 0.9 ± 1 0.160
  1. 1 FBS, fasting blood sugar.
  2. 2Hcy, homocysteine.
  3. 3SD = standard deviation.