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Table 5 RDA macronutrient distribution compliance stratified by race/ethnicity and nutritional status

From: Food group intake patterns and nutrient intake vary across low-income Hispanic and African American preschool children in Atlanta: a cross sectional study

  Macronutrient distribution
  n (%)
  Protein Carbohydrates Fats
Stratification by race/ethnicity  
Hispanic    
Within adequate distribution 41 (97.6)* 27 (64.3) 13 (31.0)
Below adequate distribution 0 (0.0) 3 (7.1)* 22 (52.4)*
Above adequate distribution 1 (2.4) 12 (28.6) 7 (16.7)
African American  
Within adequate distribution 54 (85.7) 35 (55.6) 28 (44.4)
Below adequate distribution 2 (3.2) 15 (23.8) 17 (27.0)
Above adequate distribution 7 (11.1) 13 (20.6) 18 (28.6)
Stratification by Weight Status  
Obese  
Within adequate distribution 14 (87.5) 11 (68.8)* 6 (37.5)
Below adequate distribution 0 (0.0) 2 (12.5) 7 (43.8)
Above adequate distribution 2 (12.5) 3 (18.8) 3 (18.8)
Non-Obese  
Within adequate distribution 82 (92.1%) 51 (57.3) 30 (33.7)
Below adequate distribution 1 (1.1) 16 (18.0) 37 (41.6)
Above adequate distribution 6 (6.7) 22 (24.7) 22 (24.7)
  1. * Difference across strata p < 0.05.
  2. Adequate distribution:
  3. 1–3 years: 5–20% protein, 45–65% carbohydrates and 30–40% fat.
  4. 4–5 years: 10–30% protein, 45–65% carbohydrates and 25–35% fat.