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Table 4 Association between eating habits score and categorical variables (n = 132)

From: Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysian medical school: a cross-sectional study

Categorical variable   Mean(SD) pvalue
Gender Male 6.28 (1.82)  
  Female 6.40 (1.77) 0.73
Age 18-21 5.86 (1.87)  
  ≥ 22 6.68 (1.66) 0.01
Ethnicity* Malay 6.31 (1.81)  
  Chinese 8.33 (1.53)  
  Indian 6.33 (1.75)  
  Others 6.33 (1.51) 0.29
Mother’s education level * Non-formal education 6.99 (1.56)  
  High school or less 6.32 (1.58)  
  Tertiary education 6.19 (1.99) 0.25
Father’s education level * Non-formal education 7.05 (1.76)  
  High school or less 6.32 (1.68)  
  Tertiary education 6.19 (1.99) 0.16
Monthly household income* ≤3000 6.36 (1.71)  
  3001-4999 6.23 (1.54)  
  ≥5000 6.47 (2.11) 0.88
Living arrangement Alone 6.40 (1.79)  
  With family 6.30 (1.78) 0.75
Mother working Yes 6.04 (1.61)  
  No 6.61 (1.87) 0.07
Smoking Yes 4.86 (1.57)  
  No 6.45 (1.76) 0.02
Alcohol Yes 4.25 (2.06)  
  No 6.43 (1.74) 0.02
Regular exercise Yes 6.51 (1.81)  
  No 5.86 (1.60) 0.09
Body Mass Index (BMI)* Underweight (< 18.5) 6.23 (1.57)  
  Normal (18.5 – 22.9) 6.47 (1.90)  
  Pre-obese (23.0-27.4) 6.68 (1.67)  
  Obese class I (27.5-34.9) 5.30 (1.49) 0.20
  1. * One way ANOVA test was used to compare mean between categories.