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Table 4 Diet quality, as measured by healthy eating index and select usual intakes of MyPyramid food components among consumers and non-consumers of orange juice

From: 100% Orange juice consumption is associated with better diet quality, improved nutrient adequacy, decreased risk for obesity, and improved biomarkers of health in adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2006

  Usual intake Percentile
Group Mean ± SE 10 25 50 75 90
Healthy Eating Index, score
 Consumer 55.0 ± 0.4a 44.5 49.3 54.9 60.6 65.7
 Non-Consumer 49.7 ± 0.3b 38.4 43.5 49.4 55.6 61.4
Total dairy, cup equivalents
 Consumer 1.6 ± 0.05 0.6 0.9 1.4 2.1 2.9
 Non-Consumer 1.5 ± 0.002 0.5 0.8 1.3 2.0 2.8
Total fruit, cup equivalents
 Consumer 1.8 ± 0.05a 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.1 2.3
 Non-Consumer 0.7 ± 0.02b 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.4
Fruit juice, cup equivalents
 Consumer 1.1 ± 0.03a 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.4
 Non-Consumer 0.2 ± 0.01b 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4  
Whole fruit, cup equivalents
 Consumer 0.7 ± 0.03a 0.1 0.3 0.6 1.0 1.4
 Non-Consumer 0.5 ± 0.02b 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.1
Total grain, ounce equivalents
 Consumer 7.0 ± 0.1 4.2 5.3 6.7 8.4 10.0
 Non-Consumer 6.8 ± 0.1 3.8 4.9 6.4 8.3 10.3
Whole grain, ounce equivalents
 Consumer 0.8 ± 0.03a 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.0 1.5
 Non-Consumer 0.6 ± 0.02b 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.9 1.3
Total vegetables, cup equivalents
 Consumer 1.7 ± 0.03 0.9 1.2 1.6 2.0 2.5
 Non-Consumer 1.6 ± 0.03 0.9 1.2 1.5 2.0 2.5
  1. Data source: Adults 19 + years of age participating in NHANES 2003-2006 with consumers defined as orange juice consumption on either of two days of intake assessment.
  2. n: 2,310 OJ consumers and 6,551 non-consumers.
  3. Means with different letters are significantly different, p < 0.05.