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Table 3 Gender differences on lipid panel, leptin, inflammatory markers, and antioxidant status

From: Drinking carrot juice increases total antioxidant status and decreases lipid peroxidation in adults

Variables Female Male
Triglyceride (mg/dL)   
   Pre 111 ± 18 117 ± 8
   Post 119 ± 21 131 ± 23
Cholesterol (mg/dL)   
   Pre 210 ± 11 213 ± 12
   Post 209 ± 11 228 ± 12
HDL (mg/dL)   
   Pre 60 ± 7 48 ± 8
   Post 58 ± 7 48 ± 8
VLDL (mg/dL)   
   Pre 27 ± 5 31 ± 5
   Post 25 ± 5 38 ± 5
LDL (mg/dL)   
   Pre 123 ± 10 132 ± 11
   Post 125 ± 11 141 ± 11
Apo A (mg/dL)   
   Pre 169 ± 12 154 ± 12
   Post 154 ± 13 151 ± 13
Apo B (mg/dL)   
   Pre 93 ± 6b 111 ± 7a
   Post 91 ± 6b 115 ± 7a
Leptin (ng/mL)   
   Pre 35 ± 3a 8 ± 3b
   Post 32 ± 3a 10 ± 4b
Interleukin-1α (pg/mL)   
   Pre 1.30 ± 0.18c 1.83 ± 0.09ab
   Post 1.43 ± 0.18bc 2.00 ± 0.09a
C-reactive protein (mg/dL)   
   Pre 4.16 ± 0.56 3.34 ± 0.67
   Post 3.13 ± 0.56 2.35 ± 0.67
Antioxidant capacity (mM)   
   Pre 0.79 ± 0.05b 0.83 ± 0.05b
   Post 0.96 ± 0.06a 1.10 ± 0.06a
Malondialdehyde (μM)   
   Pre 29 ± 7b 56 ± 8a
   Post 13 ± 7c 22 ± 8bc
  1. a,cMeans with unlike superscript are significantly (P ≤ 0.05) different from each other.