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Table 2 Physiological markers of inflammation in response to supplementation

From: A multi-nutrient supplement reduced markers of inflammation and improved physical performance in active individuals of middle to older age: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

  Men Women
Variables Pre Placebo Post Placebo Pre Suppl Post Suppl Pre Placebo Post Placebo Pre Suppl Post Suppl
  M ± SD M ± SD M ± SD M ± SD M ± SD M ± SD M ± SD M ± SD
Creatine Kinase (IU·L-1) 92 ± 25 80 ± 32 96 ± 34 67 ± 23* 68 ± 42 69 ± 50 66 ± 32 62 ± 33
Cortisol (nmol·L-1) 557 ± 169 613 ± 128 524 ± 180 515 ± 187 560 ± 149 513 ± 129 518 ± 165 541 ± 148
C-Reactive Protein (mg·dL-1) 0.22 ± 0.25 0.19 ± 0.25 0.17 ± 0.24 0.19 ± 0.22 0.10 ± 0.10 0.11 ± 0.09 0.1 ± 0.1 0.12 ± 0.11
Brachial Artery Reactivity (mm) 4.6 ± 0.7 4.8 ± 0.7 4.7 ± 0.8 4.9 ± 0.8 3.7 ± 0.6 4.1 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.5 4.1 ± 0.5
  1. No significant differences were seen for placebo (either pre/post placebo or as compared to pre-supplementation). Pre Suppl = Pre-Supplementation testing; Post Suppl = Post-Supplementation testing. *p ≤ 0.05 as compared to supplementation pre-testing.