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Table 1 Confirmatory Analyses of Socio-demographic and Alcohol Grouping Measures and Substance use characteristics of the sample (n = 162)

From: Growth and weight status in treatment-naïve 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa

  Control Group
(n = 81)
AUDs Group
(n = 81)
  
  M(SD) or % M(SD) or % U/χ2 p-value
Socio-demographics     
   Age 14.76 (0.78) 14.92 (0.74) -1.19 0.235
   Education level a 7.79 (0.85) 7.85 (0.74) -0.43 0.666
   %Male 42 42 0.00 1.000
   %Female 58 58   
   % Afrikaans-speaking 69 69 0.00 1.000
   %English-speaking 31 31   
   % Mixed Ancestry 97.6 97.6   0.497
   % White 1.2 0   
   % Black 1.2 0   
   Total Socio-economic status score b 28.19 (5.80) 24.85 (5.93) 1.34 0.179
Alcohol Use     
   % Never consumed alcohol 41 0   
   % Never intoxicated 93 0   
   %Light drinker c 59 0   
   % Alcohol abuse d   2.5   
   % Alcohol dependence e   97.5   
% Weekends-only drinking style
in most recent drinking phase f
  95   
Drinking onset age (years) in
participants that have drunk alcohol
12.25 (1.66) 12.04 (1.70) 0.57 0.567
   Alcohol lifetime dose g 5.77 (12.46) 1493.69 (1511.53) -11.04 < 0.001
   Age of first intoxication   12.83 (1.15)   
   Age of onset of regular drinking   12.91 (1.11)   
   Regular drinking duration (months)   23.78 (15.91)   
Regular drinking frequency (days/month)
in most recent drinking phase
  5.01 (2.87)   
   Regular drinking quantity per month h   65.78 (57.96)   
Tobacco Use     
   % Never smoked tobacco 59 17   < 0.001
   % Light smokers (lifetime < 100 cigarettes) 35 31   
   % Regular smokers (lifetime > 100 cigarettes) 6 52   
   Smoking onset age (years) in light smokers 12.53 (1.62) 12.44 (1.96) -0.19 0.846
   Smoking onset age (years) in regular smokers 13 (0.71) 12.36 (1.46) 0.96 0.339
   Lifetime tobacco dose of all smokers i 86.42 (442.80) 1417.59 (2762.60) -7.02 < 0.001
Other Substance Use     
   % Never used cannabis 89 42 34.35 < 0.001
   Lifetime cannabis dose j 0.12 (0.37) 4.08 (7.40) -6.33 < 0.001
   % Never used methamphetamine 100 96   0.245
   Lifetime methamphetamine dose k 0 1.0 (0.56)   
   % Never used any other drugs 100 100   
  1. Notes: For all variables not presented as percentages, means are presented with standard deviations in parentheses. Continuous variables compared using the Mann Whitney U Test and categorical variables compared using the Chi-Square or Fisher's exact test.
  2. a Years of successfully completed education
  3. b Total Socio-economic status score: Sum of Family income (1-6), Reversed employment category of participant's parent with the highest employment rank (Hollingshead reversed) (1-9), Parent education (0-6), Total assets (0-7), Dwelling type (1-6) and Bedroom cohabitation (1-7) - Maximum = 41
  4. c Less than 100 standard drinks of alcohol consumed in lifetime
  5. d Greater than 100 standard drinks of alcohol consumed in lifetime with a DSM-IV diagnosis of alcohol abuse
  6. e Greater than 100 standard drinks of alcohol consumed in lifetime with a DSM-IV diagnosis of alcohol dependence
  7. f Style of drinking followed in the most recent phase of drinking
  8. g Total number of standard drinks of alcohol consumed in lifetime
  9. h Average standard drinks of alcohol consumed per month
  10. i Total number of cigarettes smoked in lifetime
  11. j Total number of 'joints' smoked in lifetime;
  12. k Total number of 'straws' (hits) of methamphetamine in lifetime