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Table 3 Nutrients, diet quality and physical activity data overall and by gender

From: Nutrition transition among adolescents of a south-Mediterranean country: dietary patterns, association with socio-economic factors, overweight and blood pressure. A cross-sectional study in Tunisia

  Overall (n = 1019) Male (n = 432) Female (n = 587)  
  Mean1 s.e. Mean1 s.e. Mean1 s.e. P-value2
Dietary intake        
Energy        
   Energy intake (kJ) 13980 145 14401 214 13767 168 0.001
   Energy intake (kcal) 3341 35 3442 51 3239 40 0.001
   Energy intake (% of expenditures) 135.7 1.8 121.1 2.3 150.5 2.3 <0.0001
Macronutrients (g/1000 kcal)        
   Protein 31.3 0.2 31.2 0.2 31.3 0.2 0.55
   Carbohydrates 130.5 0.6 130.4 0.8 130.7 0.7 0.69
   Free sugar 26.8 0.4 27.2 0.5 26.4 0.5 0.30
   Dietary fiber 10.8 0.1 10.7 0.1 10.8 0.1 0.49
   Total fat 40.7 0.3 40.8 0.4 40.6 0.4 0.51
   Saturated fat 9.5 0.1 9.5 0.1 9.4 0.1 0.52
   Monounsaturated fat 15.5 0.2 15.6 0.3 15.3 0.3 0.43
   Polyunsaturated fat 12.1 0.3 12.0 0.4 12.2 0.4 0.56
Micronutrients (/1000 kcal)        
   Vitamin C (mg) 47.4 1.0 46.4 1.1 48.5 1.1 0.042
   Calcium (mg) 265.9 3.1 271.2 4.2 260.5 3.5 0.027
   Iron (mg) 6.7 0.0 6.7 0.0 6.7 0.0 0.55
   Zinc (mg) 3.5 0.0 3.5 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.69
   Sodium (mg) 1648.9 9.9 1641.5 13.3 1656.5 10.2 0.24
   Potassium (mg) 1049.1 11.9 1044.5 14.9 1053.8 12.7 0.52
   Folates (μg) 179.5 1.8 180.1 2.3 179.0 1.9 0.64
   Vitamin B12 (μg) 2.4 0.1 2.4 0.1 2.4 0.1 0.96
Diet Quality Index (DQI-I)        
   Total score (/100) 57.7 0.3 57.8 0.4 57.6 0.3 0.65
   DQI-I ≥60 38.0% 2.1 39.7% 2.9 36.3% 2.5 0.37
   Variety (/20) 13.8 0.2 14.1 0.3 13.4 0.2 0.022
   Adequacy(/40) 33.7 0.1 34.0 0.2 33.4 0.1 0.0077
   Moderation(/30) 9.0 0.2 8.5 0.3 9.4 0.3 0.018
   Balance(/10) 1.3 0.1 1.2 0.1 1.3 0.1 0.55
Physical activity level        
   Low intensity daytime activities (<3 BMR) (%) 83.4 0.6 78.8 0.9 87.9 0.4 <0.0001
   Medium intensity daytime activities (3-6 BMR) (%) 15.1 0.6 18.7 0.8 11.5 0.4 <0.0001
   High intensity daytime activities (≥6 BMR) (%) 1.5 0.1 2.5 0.1 0.6 0.1 <0.0001
   Mean intensity of total daytime activity (BMR multiple) 1.7 0.1 1.8 0.0 1.6 0.1 <0.0001
  1. 1- Except for DQI-I ≥60 (weighted proportion of subjects with DQI-I ≥60)
  2. 2- Comparison between sexes adjusted for age.