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Table 2 Postprandial (PP) metabolic measures (mean ± SEM) following three meals differing in fat type (n = 10)

From: Effects of acute ingestion of different fats on oxidative stress and inflammation in overweight and obese adults

    Time point    Area under
Measure Baseline 1 h PP 2 h PP 4 h PP 6 h PP the curve
Glucose (mmol/L)*a      
O3FA 5.9 ± 0.3 6.7 ± 0.5 6.1 ± 0.5 5.7 ± 0.3 6.2 ± 0.5 36.4 ± 2.0
SFA 6.2 ± 0.5 6.2 ± 0.7 6.4 ± 0.6 5.9 ± 0.5 5.9 ± 0.4 36.5 ± 3.0
MFA 5.8 ± 0.2 6.2 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.3 5.7 ± 0.2 5.9 ± 0.2 34.4 ± 1.3
Insulin (mU/L)*b      
O3FA 12.6 ± 3.8 54.8 ± 14.8 43.4 ± 10.9 16.4 ± 3.2 11.5 ± 1.9 171 ± 36
SFA 8.9 ± 1.2 46.9 ± 11.9 29.0 ± 6.2 10.7 ± 1.0 9.8 ± 2.3 126 ± 20
MFA 11.5 ± 2.2 40.2 ± 10.5 33.1 ± 8.3 18.6 ± 4.4 14.7 ± 4.3 148 ± 34
Triglycerides (mmol/L) †* c     
O3FA 1.49 ± 0.45 1.79 ± 0.45 1.61 ± 0.40 1.92 ± 0.38 2.28 ± 0.59 11.08 ± 2.52
SFA 1.42 ± 0.38 1.34 ± 0.27 1.24 ± 0.26 1.63 ± 0.30 1.65 ± 0.30 8.83 ± 1.69
MFA 1.82 ± 0.63 2.27 ± 0.66 2.25 ± 0.58 2.41 ± 0.59 2.79 ± 0.74 13.97 ± 3.68
Non-esterified fatty acids (mmol/L)*d     
O3FA 0.33 ± 0.05 0.17 ± 0.04 0.10 ± 0.02 0.20 ± 0.02 0.39 ± 0.05 1.27 ± 0.15
SFA 0.37 ± 0.06 0.10 ± 0.02 0.08 ± 0.02 0.21 ± 0.03 0.39 ± 0.05 1.22 ± 0.15
MFA 0.29 ± 0.05 0.15 ± 0.06 0.14 ± 0.05 0.20 ± 0.02 0.32 ± 0.04 1.21 ± 0.20
  1. O3FA = omega 3 fatty acid enriched meal, SFA = high saturated fat meal, and MFA = high monounsaturated fat meal
  2. † Effect of treatment p < 0.05, MFA > SFA
  3. * Effect of time p < 0.05
  4. a 1 h PP > all other time points
  5. b 1 h PP > all time points, 2 h PP > all except 1 h
  6. c baseline < all PP time points
  7. d baseline > all time points except 6 h PP