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  1. More people than ever are considered obese and the resulting health problems are evident. These facts highlight the need for identification of critical time periods for weight gain. Therefore the purpose was t...

    Authors: Holly R Hull, Duncan Radley, Mary K Dinger and David A Fields
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:29
  2. Supplementation of nutritional deficiencies helps to improve immune function and resistance to infections in malnourished subjects. However, the suggested benefits of dietary supplementation for immune functio...

    Authors: Danielle AW Wolvers, Wendy MR van Herpen-Broekmans, Margot HGM Logman, Reggy PJ van der Wielen and Ruud Albers
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:28
  3. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features, haematological findings and CD4+ and CD8+ cell counts of severely malnourished children in relation to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

    Authors: Hanifa Bachou, Thorkild Tylleskär, Robert Downing and James K Tumwine
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:27
  4. Renal lithiasis is a multifactorial disease. An important number of etiologic factors can be adequately modified trough diet, since it must be considered that the urine composition is directly related to diet....

    Authors: Felix Grases, Antonia Costa-Bauza and Rafel M Prieto
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:23
  5. The number of individuals with age-related cognitive impairment is rising dramatically in the UK and globally. There is considerable interest in the general hypothesis that improving the diet of older people m...

    Authors: Alan D Dangour, Felicity Clemens, Diana Elbourne, Nicky Fasey, Astrid E Fletcher, Pollyanna Hardy, Graham E Holder, Felicia A Huppert, Rosemary Knight, Louise Letley, Marcus Richards, Ann Truesdale, Madge Vickers and Ricardo Uauy
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:20
  6. Precise measurements of activity at a population level are important for monitoring trends and evaluating health promotion strategies. Few studies have assessed the measurement of physical activity in developi...

    Authors: Romaina Iqbal, Ghazala Rafique, Salma Badruddin, Rahat Qureshi and Katherine Gray-Donald
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:18
  7. Vitamin A (VA) deficiency is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and school-age children are a vulnerable group. In Burkina Faso, the production and consumption of red palm oil (RPO) is being promoted as a food s...

    Authors: Augustin N Zeba, Yves Martin Prével, Issa T Somé and Hélène F Delisle
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:17
  8. Dietary nucleotide supplementation has been shown to have important effects on the growth and development of cells which have a rapid turnover such as those in the immune system and the gastrointestinal tract....

    Authors: CP Dancey, EA Attree and KF Brown
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:16
  9. Appropriate nutrition is an essential prerequisite for effective improvement of athletic performance, conditioning, recovery from fatigue after exercise, and avoidance of injury. Nutritional supplements contai...

    Authors: Wataru Aoi, Yuji Naito and Toshikazu Yoshikawa
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:15
  10. children affected by refractory epilepsy could be at risk of malnutrition because of feeding difficulties (anorexia, chewing, swallowing difficulties or vomiting) and chronic use of anticonvulsants, which may ...

    Authors: S Bertoli, S Cardinali, P Veggiotti, C Trentani, G Testolin and A Tagliabue
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:14
  11. The health benefits of soy isoflavones have been widely investigated; however, there are some concerns as to whether soy isoflavones, similar to ipriflavone, a synthetic isoflavone, cause lymphocytopenia in po...

    Authors: Do Y Soung, Anagha Patade, Dania A Khalil, Edralin A Lucas, Latha Devareddy, Kathryn A Greaves and Bahram H Arjmandi
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:12
  12. Of concern to health educators is the suggestion that college females practice diet and health behaviors that contradict the 2005 dietary guidelines for Americans. In this regard, there remain gaps in the rese...

    Authors: Brenda M Malinauskas, Thomas D Raedeke, Victor G Aeby, Jean L Smith and Matthew B Dallas
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:11
  13. Short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scFOS) are well-known for their bifidogenicity. In a large study comprising 200 healthy volunteers, we determined the bifidogenic properties of 7 non-digestible carbohydrat...

    Authors: Yoram Bouhnik, Laurent Raskine, Guy Simoneau, Damien Paineau and Francis Bornet
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:8
  14. Folate has emerged as a key nutrient for optimising health. Impaired folate status has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, various types of cancers, and neurocognitive disorders. The s...

    Authors: Christos M Hatzis, George K Bertsias, Manolis Linardakis, John M Scott and Anthony G Kafatos
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:5
  15. The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study (NOWAC) is a national population-based cohort study with 102 443 women enrolled at age 30–70 y from 1991 to 1997. The present study was a methodological sub-study to assess...

    Authors: Christine L Parr, Marit B Veierød, Petter Laake, Eiliv Lund and Anette Hjartåker
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:4
  16. Small increases in zinc (Zn) consumption above recommended amounts have been shown to reduce copper (Cu) status in experimental animals and humans. Recently, we have reported that copper chaperone for Cu/Zn su...

    Authors: Monica Iskandar, Eleonora Swist, Keith D Trick, Bingtuan Wang, Mary R L'Abbé and Jesse Bertinato
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:35
  17. The purposes of this paper are two fold. First, to describe an approach used to identify fruits and vegetables to target for a child focused dietary change intervention. Second, to evaluate the concept of frui...

    Authors: Marilyn S Nanney, Debra Haire-Joshu, Michael Elliott, Kimberly Hessler and Ross C Brownson
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:34
  18. Red wine (RW) is rich in antioxidant polyphenols that might protect from oxidative stress related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Antioxidant effects after single ingestion of RW or dealco...

    Authors: Bianca M Arendt, Sabine Ellinger, Klaudia Kekic, Leonie Geus, Rolf Fimmers, Ulrich Spengler, Wolfgang-Ulrich Müller and Roland Goerlich
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:33
  19. Abnormal body weight, dietary concerns, and unhealthy weight loss behaviors are increasingly being observed in young females in Japan. Our previous research has shown that the irregular lifestyles of female Ja...

    Authors: Ruka Sakamaki, Rie Amamoto, Yoshie Mochida, Naotaka Shinfuku and Kenji Toyama
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:31
  20. Osteoporosis is the gradual declining in bone mass with age, leading to increased bone fragility and fractures. Fractures in hip and spine are known to be the most important complication of the disease which l...

    Authors: Arezoo Haghighian Roudsari, Farideh Tahbaz, Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Bahram Arjmandi, Bagher Larijani and Seyed Masoud Kimiagar
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:30
  21. previous studies have shown that non-digestible inulin-type fructan intake can increase intestinal mineral absorption in both humans and animals. However, this stimulatory effect on intestinal absorption may d...

    Authors: Charles Coudray, Mathieu Rambeau, Christine Feillet-Coudray, Jean Claude Tressol, Christian Demigne, Elyett Gueux, Andrzej Mazur and Yves Rayssiguier
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:29
  22. Few data have been published on the validity of classification of overweight and obesity based on self-reported weight in representative samples of Hispanic as compared to other American populations despite th...

    Authors: RF Gillum and Christopher T Sempos
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:27
  23. In an epidemiological study, it is essential to test the validity of the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for its ability to estimate dietary intake. The objectives of our study were to 1) validate a FFQ for...

    Authors: Junko Ishihara, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Hiroyasu Iso, Manami Inoue and Shoichiro Tsugane
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:26
  24. Cancer chemoprevention is a new approach in cancer prevention, in which chemical agents are used to prevent cancer in normal and/or high-risk populations. Although chemoprevention has shown promise in some epi...

    Authors: Da-ming Zou, Molly Brewer, Francisco Garcia, Jean M Feugang, Jian Wang, Roungyu Zang, Huaguang Liu and Changping Zou
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:25
  25. Childhood obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed countries. Twenty five percent of children in the US are overweight and 11% are obese. Overweight and obesity in childhood are known to have significa...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehghan, Noori Akhtar-Danesh and Anwar T Merchant
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:24
  26. In order to assess the effects of juice feedings during acute diarrhea a double-blind, randomized study was performed in 90 children, mean age of 10 ± 4.28 months. Thirty patients with acute diarrhea were fed ...

    Authors: Sandra Valois, Hugo Costa-Ribeiro Jr, Ângela Mattos, Tereza Cristina Ribeiro, Carlos Maurício Mendes and Fima Lifshitz
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:23
  27. In persons without clinical symptom it is difficult to assess an impact of probiotics regarding its effect on health. We evaluated the functional efficacy of the probiotic Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 in healthy ...

    Authors: Epp Songisepp, Jaak Kals, Tiiu Kullisaar, Reet Mändar, Pirje Hütt, Mihkel Zilmer and Marika Mikelsaar
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:22
  28. The plant stanol ester margarine Benecol® is a functional food that has been shown to lower effectively serum total and LDL-cholesterol. The purpose of this post-marketing study is to characterize users of plant ...

    Authors: Meri Simojoki, Riitta Luoto, Antti Uutela, Hannu Rita, John D Boice Jr, Joseph K McLaughlin and Pekka Puska
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:20
  29. In Africa, herbal medicines are often used as primary treatment for HIV/AIDS and for HIV-related problems. In general, traditional medicines are not well researched, and are poorly regulated. We review the evi...

    Authors: Edward Mills, Curtis Cooper, Dugald Seely and Izzy Kanfer
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:19

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