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  1. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 out of the 10 leading causes of disability in the US and other developed countries are mental disorders. Major depression, bipolar diso...

    Authors: Shaheen E Lakhan and Karen F Vieira
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:2
  2. Excess adiposity has been shown to play a crucial role in the development of the metabolic syndrome. The elevated fasting and postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoprotein levels is the central lipid abnormality ...

    Authors: Hidekatsu Yanai, Yoshiharu Tomono, Kumie Ito, Nobuyuki Furutani, Hiroshi Yoshida and Norio Tada
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:43
  3. Short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scFOS) are increasingly used in human diet for their prebiotic properties. We aimed at investigating the effects of scFOS ingestion on the colonic microflora and oro-fecal ...

    Authors: Yoram Bouhnik, Lotfi Achour, Damien Paineau, Michel Riottot, Alain Attar and Francis Bornet
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:42
  4. As the primary source of dietary vitamin C is fruit and to some extent vegetables, the plasma level of vitamin C has been considered a good surrogate or predictor of vitamin C intake by fruit and vegetable con...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehghan, Noori Akhtar-Danesh, Catherine R McMillan and Lehana Thabane
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:41
  5. Metabolic rate is known to rise above basal levels after eating, especially following protein consumption. Yet, this postprandial rise in metabolism appears to vary among individuals. This study examined chang...

    Authors: Amy Jo Riggs, Barry D White and Sareen S Gropper
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:40
  6. Blood of cigarette smokers routinely displays decreased antioxidant capacity and increased oxidized lipids compared to nonsmokers. This is thought to be due to both chronic exposure to cigarette smoke in addit...

    Authors: Richard J Bloomer
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:39
  7. Undernutrition among older people is a continuing source of concern, particularly among acutely hospitalized patients. The purpose of the current study is to compare malnourished elderly patients with those at...

    Authors: Ilana Feldblum, Larisa German, Hana Castel, Ilana Harman-Boehm, Natalya Bilenko, Miruna Eisinger, Drora Fraser and Danit R Shahar
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:37
  8. Recent evidence suggests that a low carbohydrate (LC) diet may be equally or more effective for short-term weight loss than a traditional low fat (LF) diet; however, less is known about how they compare for we...

    Authors: James D LeCheminant, Cheryl A Gibson, Debra K Sullivan, Sandra Hall, Rik Washburn, Mary C Vernon, Chelsea Curry, Elizabeth Stewart, Eric C Westman and Joseph E Donnelly
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:36
  9. Energy drink consumption has continued to gain in popularity since the 1997 debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market. Although energy drinks are targeted to young adult consumers, there...

    Authors: Brenda M Malinauskas, Victor G Aeby, Reginald F Overton, Tracy Carpenter-Aeby and Kimberly Barber-Heidal
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:35
  10. The widespread use of nutritional supplements among athletes is poorly understood. The prevalence of supplement intake and users' knowledge have been researched independently leading to useful, but disconnecte...

    Authors: Andrea Petróczi, Declan P Naughton, Jason Mazanov, Allison Holloway and Jerry Bingham
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:34
  11. The present study examines changes in body weight, fat mass, metabolic and hormonal parameters in overweight and obese pre- and postmenopausal women who participated in a weight loss intervention.

    Authors: Peter Deibert, Daniel König, Mara Z Vitolins, Ulrike Landmann, Ingrid Frey, Hans-Peter Zahradnik and Aloys Berg
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:31
  12. Dietary supplement use in the United States is prevalent and represents an important source of nutrition. However, little is known about individuals who routinely consume multiple dietary supplements. This stu...

    Authors: Gladys Block, Christopher D Jensen, Edward P Norkus, Tapashi B Dalvi, Les G Wong, Jamie F McManus and Mark L Hudes
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:30
  13. Gene-environment studies demonstrate variability in nutrient requirements depending upon individual variations in genes affecting nutrient metabolism and transport. This study investigated whether the inclusio...

    Authors: Ioannis Arkadianos, Ana M Valdes, Efstathios Marinos, Anna Florou, Rosalynn D Gill and Keith A Grimaldi
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:29
  14. Nutrients, hormones and growth factors in dairy foods may stimulate growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and raise the ratio of IGF-I to its binding protein, IGFBP-3. We conducted pilot s...

    Authors: Janet W Rich-Edwards, Davaasambuu Ganmaa, Michael N Pollak, Erika K Nakamoto, Ken Kleinman, Uush Tserendolgor, Walter C Willett and A Lindsay Frazier
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:28
  15. Red wine contains a naturally rich source of antioxidants, which may protect the body from oxidative stress, a determinant of age-related disease. The current study set out to determine the in vivo effects of ...

    Authors: Michelle Micallef, Louise Lexis and Paul Lewandowski
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:27
  16. Obesity develops when energy intake continuously exceeds energy expenditure, causing a fundamental chronic energy imbalance. Societal and behavioural changes over the last decades are held responsible for the ...

    Authors: Nathalie Duvigneaud, Katrien Wijndaele, Lynn Matton, Renaat Philippaerts, Johan Lefevre, Martine Thomis, Christophe Delecluse and William Duquet
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:26
  17. Childhood obesity is an emerging problem in urban Indian children and increases in childhood overweight and obesity may be major contributors to the adult obesity epidemic. Thus, identifying potential risk fac...

    Authors: Rebecca Kuriyan, Swarnarekha Bhat, Tinku Thomas, Mario Vaz and Anura V Kurpad
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:25
  18. In order to rapidly assess nutrient intake, Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) have been developed and proven to be reliable for quick, user friendly analysis in adults. However, the accuracy of these questio...

    Authors: Michael Moore, Sarah Braid, Bareket Falk and Panagiota Klentrou
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:24
  19. Dietary fibre food intake is related to a reduced risk of developing diabetes mellitus. However, the mechanism of this effect is still not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of commercial ...

    Authors: Joanna Hlebowicz, Jennie Wickenberg, Rickard Fahlström, Ola Björgell, Lars-Olof Almér and Gassan Darwiche
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:22
  20. Postpartum weight retention may contribute to the development of obesity. We studied whether individual counselling on diet and physical activity from 2 to 10 months postpartum has positive effects on diet and...

    Authors: Tarja I Kinnunen, Matti Pasanen, Minna Aittasalo, Mikael Fogelholm, Elisabete Weiderpass and Riitta Luoto
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:21
  21. Epidemiological studies on risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC) have mainly focused on diet, and being overweight is now recognized to contribute significantly to CRC risk. Overweight and obesity are defin...

    Authors: Barbara Delage, Anne Rullier, Maylis Capdepont, Eric Rullier and Pierrette Cassand
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:20
  22. Prepubescent children may oxidize fatty acids more readily than adults. Therefore, dietary fat needs would be higher for children compared with adults. The dietary fat recommendations are higher for children 4...

    Authors: John C Kostyak, Penny Kris-Etherton, Deborah Bagshaw, James P DeLany and Peter A Farrell
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:19
  23. The study of body composition in specific populations by techniques such as bio-impedance analysis (BIA) requires validation based on standard reference methods. The aim of this study was to develop and cross-...

    Authors: Nayeli Macias, Heliodoro Alemán-Mateo, Julián Esparza-Romero and Mauro E Valencia
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:18
  24. Inconsistent data exist about the efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of constipation. Several studies in adults with constipation showed positive effects of probiotics on constipation. Inconsistent data e...

    Authors: Noor-L-Houda Bekkali, Marloes EJ Bongers, Maartje M Van den Berg, Olivia Liem and Marc A Benninga
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:17
  25. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurological condition in children. This pilot study evaluated the effects of high-dose eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (...

    Authors: Paul J Sorgi, Edward M Hallowell, Heather L Hutchins and Barry Sears
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:16
  26. The primary objective was to determine whether consumption of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) affected the fecal microbiota composition, fecal enzyme activity or fecal composition.

    Authors: Edward R Farnworth, Yvan P Chouinard, Helene Jacques, Sudha Venkatramanan, Akier A Maf, Sabrina Defnoun and Peter JH Jones
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:15
  27. Chile is currently undergoing a period of rapid demographic transition which has led to an increase in the proportion of older people in the population; the proportion aged 60 years and over, for example, incr...

    Authors: Alan D Dangour, Cecilia Albala, Cristian Aedo, Diana Elbourne, Emily Grundy, Damian Walker and Ricardo Uauy
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:14
  28. Safe and effective weight control strategies are needed to stem the current obesity epidemic. The objective of this one-year study was to document and compare the macronutrient and micronutrient levels in the ...

    Authors: Judith M Ashley, Holly Herzog, Sharon Clodfelter, Vicki Bovee, Jon Schrage and Chris Pritsos
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:12
  29. Observational studies have frequently reported an association between cognitive function and nutrition in later life but randomised trials of B vitamins and antioxidant supplements have mostly found no benefic...

    Authors: Geraldine McNeill, Alison Avenell, Marion K Campbell, Jonathan A Cook, Philip C Hannaford, Mary M Kilonzo, Anne C Milne, Craig R Ramsay, D Gwyn Seymour, Audrey I Stephen and Luke D Vale
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:10
  30. Nutrilon Omneo (new formula; NF) contains high concentration of sn-2 palmitic acid, a mixture of prebiotic oligosaccharides and partially hydrolyzed whey protein. It is hypothesized that NF positively affects sto...

    Authors: Marloes EJ Bongers, Fleur de Lorijn, Johannes B Reitsma, Michael Groeneweg, Jan AJM Taminiau and Marc A Benninga
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:8
  31. Selenium (Se), vitamin C and vitamin E function as antioxidants within the body. In this study, we investigated the effects of reduced dietary Se and L-ascorbic acid (AA) on vitamin C and α-tocopherol (AT) sta...

    Authors: Jesse Bertinato, Nick Hidiroglou, Robert Peace, Kevin A Cockell, Keith D Trick, Penny Jee, Alex Giroux, Réné Madère, Giuseppe Bonacci, Monica Iskandar, Stephen Hayward, Nicholas Giles and Mary R L'Abbé
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:7
  32. Soluble fibers lower serum lipids, but are difficult to incorporate into products acceptable to consumers. We investigated the physiological effects of a concentrated oat β-glucan on cardiovascular disease (CV...

    Authors: Katie M Queenan, Maria L Stewart, Kristen N Smith, William Thomas, R Gary Fulcher and Joanne L Slavin
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:6
  33. The health benefits of increased intakes of omega-3 fatty acids are well established but palatability often presents a problem. The process of emulsification is used in the food industry to provide a wider spe...

    Authors: Iveta Garaiova, Irina A Guschina, Sue F Plummer, James Tang, Duolao Wang and Nigel T Plummer
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:4
  34. The relationship between BMI and leptin has been studied extensively in the past, but previous reports in postmenopausal women have not been conducted under carefully controlled dietary conditions of weight ma...

    Authors: Somdat Mahabir, David Baer, Laura L Johnson, Mark Roth, William Campbell, Beverly Clevidence and Philip R Taylor
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:3
  35. Human, animal, and in vitro research indicates a beneficial effect of appropriate amounts of omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on bone health. This is the first controlled feeding study in human...

    Authors: Amy E Griel, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Kirsten F Hilpert, Guixiang Zhao, Sheila G West and Rebecca L Corwin
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:2
  36. Obesity in Canadian children increased three-fold in twenty years. Children living in low-income neighborhoods exercise less and are more overweight than those living in more affluent neighborhoods after accou...

    Authors: Anwar T Merchant, Mahshid Dehghan, Deanna Behnke-Cook and Sonia S Anand
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:1
  37. Body mass, as well as distribution of body fat, are predictors of both diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In Northern Sweden, despite a marked increase in average body mass, prevalence of diabetes was stagna...

    Authors: Benno Krachler, Mats Eliasson, Hans Stenlund, Ingegerd Johansson, Göran Hallmans and Bernt Lindahl
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:34
  38. Few studies on impact of meals served in school have been published. However, implications of school meals are an actual issue of both public and political concern in several countries. The objective of this s...

    Authors: Anne S Ask, Sigrunn Hernes, Ingebjørg Aarek, Gaute Johannessen and Margaretha Haugen
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:33
  39. The effect of iron fortification is generally assumed to be less than iron supplementation; however, the magnitude of difference in effects is not known. The present study aims to compare the efficacy of these...

    Authors: Huong Thi Le, Inge D Brouwer, Jan Burema, Khan Cong Nguyen and Frans J Kok
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2006 5:32

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