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  1. The objective of this clinical study was to assess the potential benefit of a dietary supplement, NP 06-1, on cardiovascular protective properties in overweight and normal weight adults diagnosed with osteoart...

    Authors: Julius Oben, Ebangha Enonchong, Shil Kothari, Walter Chambliss, Robert Garrison and Deanne Dolnick

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:16

    Content type: Research

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  2. Insulin resistance (IR) is an important risk factor for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a clustering of metabolic alterations associated to IR; howev...

    Authors: Veronica Mujica, Elba Leiva, Gloria Icaza, Nora Diaz, Miguel Arredondo, Rodrigo Moore-Carrasco, Roxana Orrego, Marcela Vásquez and Ivan Palomo

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:14

    Content type: Research

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  3. Maintenance of the botanical integrity of cereal kernels and the addition of acetic acid (as vinegar) in the product or meal has been shown to lower the postprandial blood glucose and insulin response and to i...

    Authors: Joanna Hlebowicz, Sandra Lindstedt, Ola Björgell, Peter Höglund, Lars-Olof Almér and Gassan Darwiche

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:12

    Content type: Research

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  4. Recent research has established correlations between stress, anxiety, insomnia and excess body weight and these correlations have significant implications for health. This study measured the effects of a propr...

    Authors: Douglas S Kalman, Samantha Feldman, Robert Feldman, Howard I Schwartz, Diane R Krieger and Robert Garrison

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:11

    Content type: Research

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  5. High blood pressure is an important constituent of the metabolic syndrome. However, the underlying mechanisms for development of hypertension in the metabolic syndrome are very complicated and remain still obs...

    Authors: Hidekatsu Yanai, Yoshiharu Tomono, Kumie Ito, Nobuyuki Furutani, Hiroshi Yoshida and Norio Tada

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:10

    Content type: Review

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  6. This small, pilot study evaluated the impact of treatment with a natural multi-mineral supplement from seaweed (Aquamin) on walking distance, pain and joint mobility in subjects with moderate to severe osteoar...

    Authors: Joy L Frestedt, Melanie Walsh, Michael A Kuskowski and John L Zenk

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:9

    Content type: Research

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  7. Most studies of Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have focused on either young children or older adults. The current study compared 11 ADHD adolescents with 12 age-matched controls. The purpose w...

    Authors: Ashley L Colter, Caroline Cutler and Kelly Anne Meckling

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:8

    Content type: Research

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  8. Vitamin A and zinc are crucial for normal immune function, and may play a synergistic role for reducing the risk of infection including malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum.

    Authors: Augustin N Zeba, Hermann Sorgho, Noël Rouamba, Issiaka Zongo, Jeremie Rouamba, Robert T Guiguemdë, Davidson H Hamer, Najat Mokhtar and Jean-Bosco Ouedraogo

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:7

    Content type: Research

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  9. Tolerance to enteral nutrition in the critically ill child with shock has not been studied. The purpose of the study was to analyze the characteristics of enteral nutrition and its tolerance in the critically ...

    Authors: Jesús López-Herce, Santiago Mencía, Císar Sánchez, Maria J Santiago, Amaya Bustinza and Dolores Vigil

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:6

    Content type: Research

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  10. Excess body fat is a major risk factor for disease primarily due to its endocrine activity. In recent years several criteria have been introduced to evaluate this factor. Nevertheless, treatment need is curren...

    Authors: Ottavia Colombo, Simona Villani, Giovanna Pinelli, Claudia Trentani, Maurizia Baldi, Orazio Tomarchio and Anna Tagliabue

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:5

    Content type: Research

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  11. Low serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D3 (vitamin D3) is known to perturb cellular function in many tissues, including the endocrine pancreas, which are involved in obesity and type II diabetes mellitus (TIIDM). Vitamin D3

    Authors: Anne-Thea McGill, Joanna M Stewart, Fiona E Lithander, Caroline M Strik and Sally D Poppitt

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:4

    Content type: Short report

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  12. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid represents a substantive addition to the therapeutic armamentarium in knee osteoarthritis. We examined the effect of dietary supplementation with a natural extract of chicken co...

    Authors: Douglas S Kalman, Maria Heimer, Anita Valdeon, Howard Schwartz and Eric Sheldon

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:3

    Content type: Research

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  13. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 out of the 10 leading causes of disability in the US and other developed countries are mental disorders. Major depression, bipolar diso...

    Authors: Shaheen E Lakhan and Karen F Vieira

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2008 7:2

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  14. Excess adiposity has been shown to play a crucial role in the development of the metabolic syndrome. The elevated fasting and postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoprotein levels is the central lipid abnormality ...

    Authors: Hidekatsu Yanai, Yoshiharu Tomono, Kumie Ito, Nobuyuki Furutani, Hiroshi Yoshida and Norio Tada

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:43

    Content type: Review

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  15. Short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scFOS) are increasingly used in human diet for their prebiotic properties. We aimed at investigating the effects of scFOS ingestion on the colonic microflora and oro-fecal ...

    Authors: Yoram Bouhnik, Lotfi Achour, Damien Paineau, Michel Riottot, Alain Attar and Francis Bornet

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:42

    Content type: Research

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  16. As the primary source of dietary vitamin C is fruit and to some extent vegetables, the plasma level of vitamin C has been considered a good surrogate or predictor of vitamin C intake by fruit and vegetable con...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehghan, Noori Akhtar-Danesh, Catherine R McMillan and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:41

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  17. Metabolic rate is known to rise above basal levels after eating, especially following protein consumption. Yet, this postprandial rise in metabolism appears to vary among individuals. This study examined chang...

    Authors: Amy Jo Riggs, Barry D White and Sareen S Gropper

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:40

    Content type: Research

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  18. Blood of cigarette smokers routinely displays decreased antioxidant capacity and increased oxidized lipids compared to nonsmokers. This is thought to be due to both chronic exposure to cigarette smoke in addit...

    Authors: Richard J Bloomer

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:39

    Content type: Research

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  19. Undernutrition among older people is a continuing source of concern, particularly among acutely hospitalized patients. The purpose of the current study is to compare malnourished elderly patients with those at...

    Authors: Ilana Feldblum, Larisa German, Hana Castel, Ilana Harman-Boehm, Natalya Bilenko, Miruna Eisinger, Drora Fraser and Danit R Shahar

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:37

    Content type: Short report

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  20. Recent evidence suggests that a low carbohydrate (LC) diet may be equally or more effective for short-term weight loss than a traditional low fat (LF) diet; however, less is known about how they compare for we...

    Authors: James D LeCheminant, Cheryl A Gibson, Debra K Sullivan, Sandra Hall, Rik Washburn, Mary C Vernon, Chelsea Curry, Elizabeth Stewart, Eric C Westman and Joseph E Donnelly

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:36

    Content type: Research

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  21. Energy drink consumption has continued to gain in popularity since the 1997 debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market. Although energy drinks are targeted to young adult consumers, there...

    Authors: Brenda M Malinauskas, Victor G Aeby, Reginald F Overton, Tracy Carpenter-Aeby and Kimberly Barber-Heidal

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:35

    Content type: Research

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  22. The widespread use of nutritional supplements among athletes is poorly understood. The prevalence of supplement intake and users' knowledge have been researched independently leading to useful, but disconnecte...

    Authors: Andrea Petróczi, Declan P Naughton, Jason Mazanov, Allison Holloway and Jerry Bingham

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:34

    Content type: Research

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  23. The present study examines changes in body weight, fat mass, metabolic and hormonal parameters in overweight and obese pre- and postmenopausal women who participated in a weight loss intervention.

    Authors: Peter Deibert, Daniel König, Mara Z Vitolins, Ulrike Landmann, Ingrid Frey, Hans-Peter Zahradnik and Aloys Berg

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:31

    Content type: Review

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  24. Dietary supplement use in the United States is prevalent and represents an important source of nutrition. However, little is known about individuals who routinely consume multiple dietary supplements. This stu...

    Authors: Gladys Block, Christopher D Jensen, Edward P Norkus, Tapashi B Dalvi, Les G Wong, Jamie F McManus and Mark L Hudes

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:30

    Content type: Research

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  25. Gene-environment studies demonstrate variability in nutrient requirements depending upon individual variations in genes affecting nutrient metabolism and transport. This study investigated whether the inclusio...

    Authors: Ioannis Arkadianos, Ana M Valdes, Efstathios Marinos, Anna Florou, Rosalynn D Gill and Keith A Grimaldi

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:29

    Content type: Research

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  26. Nutrients, hormones and growth factors in dairy foods may stimulate growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and raise the ratio of IGF-I to its binding protein, IGFBP-3. We conducted pilot s...

    Authors: Janet W Rich-Edwards, Davaasambuu Ganmaa, Michael N Pollak, Erika K Nakamoto, Ken Kleinman, Uush Tserendolgor, Walter C Willett and A Lindsay Frazier

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:28

    Content type: Short report

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  27. Red wine contains a naturally rich source of antioxidants, which may protect the body from oxidative stress, a determinant of age-related disease. The current study set out to determine the in vivo effects of ...

    Authors: Michelle Micallef, Louise Lexis and Paul Lewandowski

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:27

    Content type: Research

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  28. Obesity develops when energy intake continuously exceeds energy expenditure, causing a fundamental chronic energy imbalance. Societal and behavioural changes over the last decades are held responsible for the ...

    Authors: Nathalie Duvigneaud, Katrien Wijndaele, Lynn Matton, Renaat Philippaerts, Johan Lefevre, Martine Thomis, Christophe Delecluse and William Duquet

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:26

    Content type: Research

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  29. Childhood obesity is an emerging problem in urban Indian children and increases in childhood overweight and obesity may be major contributors to the adult obesity epidemic. Thus, identifying potential risk fac...

    Authors: Rebecca Kuriyan, Swarnarekha Bhat, Tinku Thomas, Mario Vaz and Anura V Kurpad

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:25

    Content type: Short report

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  30. In order to rapidly assess nutrient intake, Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) have been developed and proven to be reliable for quick, user friendly analysis in adults. However, the accuracy of these questio...

    Authors: Michael Moore, Sarah Braid, Bareket Falk and Panagiota Klentrou

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:24

    Content type: Short report

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  31. Dietary fibre food intake is related to a reduced risk of developing diabetes mellitus. However, the mechanism of this effect is still not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of commercial ...

    Authors: Joanna Hlebowicz, Jennie Wickenberg, Rickard Fahlström, Ola Björgell, Lars-Olof Almér and Gassan Darwiche

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:22

    Content type: Research

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  32. Postpartum weight retention may contribute to the development of obesity. We studied whether individual counselling on diet and physical activity from 2 to 10 months postpartum has positive effects on diet and...

    Authors: Tarja I Kinnunen, Matti Pasanen, Minna Aittasalo, Mikael Fogelholm, Elisabete Weiderpass and Riitta Luoto

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  33. Epidemiological studies on risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC) have mainly focused on diet, and being overweight is now recognized to contribute significantly to CRC risk. Overweight and obesity are defin...

    Authors: Barbara Delage, Anne Rullier, Maylis Capdepont, Eric Rullier and Pierrette Cassand

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:20

    Content type: Research

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  34. Prepubescent children may oxidize fatty acids more readily than adults. Therefore, dietary fat needs would be higher for children compared with adults. The dietary fat recommendations are higher for children 4...

    Authors: John C Kostyak, Penny Kris-Etherton, Deborah Bagshaw, James P DeLany and Peter A Farrell

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:19

    Content type: Research

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  35. The study of body composition in specific populations by techniques such as bio-impedance analysis (BIA) requires validation based on standard reference methods. The aim of this study was to develop and cross-...

    Authors: Nayeli Macias, Heliodoro Alemán-Mateo, Julián Esparza-Romero and Mauro E Valencia

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:18

    Content type: Research

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  36. Inconsistent data exist about the efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of constipation. Several studies in adults with constipation showed positive effects of probiotics on constipation. Inconsistent data e...

    Authors: Noor-L-Houda Bekkali, Marloes EJ Bongers, Maartje M Van den Berg, Olivia Liem and Marc A Benninga

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:17

    Content type: Research

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  37. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurological condition in children. This pilot study evaluated the effects of high-dose eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (...

    Authors: Paul J Sorgi, Edward M Hallowell, Heather L Hutchins and Barry Sears

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The primary objective was to determine whether consumption of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) affected the fecal microbiota composition, fecal enzyme activity or fecal composition.

    Authors: Edward R Farnworth, Yvan P Chouinard, Helene Jacques, Sudha Venkatramanan, Akier A Maf, Sabrina Defnoun and Peter JH Jones

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Chile is currently undergoing a period of rapid demographic transition which has led to an increase in the proportion of older people in the population; the proportion aged 60 years and over, for example, incr...

    Authors: Alan D Dangour, Cecilia Albala, Cristian Aedo, Diana Elbourne, Emily Grundy, Damian Walker and Ricardo Uauy

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:14

    Content type: Research

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  40. Safe and effective weight control strategies are needed to stem the current obesity epidemic. The objective of this one-year study was to document and compare the macronutrient and micronutrient levels in the ...

    Authors: Judith M Ashley, Holly Herzog, Sharon Clodfelter, Vicki Bovee, Jon Schrage and Chris Pritsos

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2007 6:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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